troop transport ships ww1

During World War II the U.S. Army operated approximately 127,800 watercraft of various types Those included large troop and cargo transport ships that were Army-owned hulls, vessels allocated by the War Shipping Administration, bareboat charters and time charters. The combination of heavy rainfall, inadequately built roads and the pounding caused by large numbers of heavy lorries on narrow, solid-rubber tyres caused … She was a great success, but unfortunately in November 1918, she sank after dragging her anchors and colliding with first Royal Oak and then Glorious in the Firth of Forth. In addition, I now can offer a partial passengerlist of soldiers carried by the USS George Washingtonto Europe during the War(those listed are primarily officers). Alaunia: In 1914 the Alaunia and the Andania, were used as troop ships carrying Canadian troops across the Atlantic. With over 6 million British Service Men serving abroad during the Great War, transporting the troops was a considerable undertaking.Recording their movement was a necessity, especially considering the range of their destinations – these records include ports ranging such as Sierra Leone, Karachi or New Brunswick. Operationally, standard troopships–often drafted from commercial shipping fleets–cannot land troops directly on shore, typically loading and unloading at a seaport or onto smaller vessels, either tenders or barges. In the year after the war she was used to take Australian and South African troops home from England. With her sister ship, City of New York (later to become Harvard) she was one of the finest transatlantic liners of the day, and one of the first ships with twin screws on that service. Information on troopships of WW I at: my troopship pages. I came across two excellent resources while researching the story behind a soldier from Victoria, BC and I thought I’d share them with you. Alexander Turnbull Library, Ref: 1/4-061214-F. Four months later she returned to the patrolling of the South Atlantic. Most of the crew were saved by the Rifleman or trawlers who were accompanying her. Ascania: When the war broke out the Ascania worked on the North Atlantic. The Carmania was the first Cunard liner to have turbines. I have looked at every source I could find online on WWI transport dates but am coming up empty. Those, included vessels not related to transport such as mine vessels and waterway or port maintenance ships and other service craft. Orsova: Requisitioned as a troop ship in April 1915, Orsova carried Australian reinforcements to Egypt and Europe. English: RMS Aquitania was a British ocean liner that served as a troop ship in World War I and World War II, and also as a hospital ship in World War I. While managed by the Transport Branch of the Royal Australian Navy she made five journeys from Australia as a troop ship. Shortly after the United States entered World War I, the commander of U.S. Convoy Operations was ordered to organize and begin escorting the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) to France. With the threat of enemy submarines, American ships crossing the Atlantic needed protection. shipping: + $3.00 shipping . Aquitania: Commissioned by the Royal Navy in 1914 the Aquitania first patrolled the Western Approaches but after colliding with a cargo ship it was decided that she was too big to be an armoured merchant cruiser. She was then used for troop transport between Liverpool to New York. In the summer of 1915 both the ships were involved in the Gallipoli campaign. Researching WW1 Troopships. Later that year the Alaunia carried troops to Bombay. She was completed in November and taken over by the Navy. Both her and her sister ship, the Caronia were armed with 4.7 inch guns. It was built by the German Government in 1910 and was christened the Princess Alice in honor of the Kaiser's eldest daughter. They started at 10:00 A.M. and finished at 1:30 P.M. The numbers below give an idea of the sco… $80.00 + … They were requisitioned by the government who paid a daily rate for them and specially outfitted the ships to meet their new wartime role. In early 1917 there was a great need for troop ships and work started again on the Ormonde. In 1916 the Alaunia struck a mine and sank two miles off the Royal Sovereign Lightship. 1514, and commissioned her the same day as USS Maui . Later that year the Alaunia carried troops to Bombay. Free shipping . Troopships in the First World War Alaunia: In 1914 the Alaunia and the Andania, were used as troop ships carrying Canadian troops across the Atlantic. After a long wait she was repaired and was used to carry troops over from America. Franconia: At the start of the war Franconia continued her regular service from Liverpool to New York. Use the browse to easily search by the ship name. Ships used to transport troops to Gallipoli. A French brigade landed on the Anatolian coast opposite, at Kum Kale, but was later withdrawn. Only a hand full of men survived out of the 400 which were still onboard. Use the browse to easily search by the ship name. The U.S. Army Transport Service (ATS) was established in 1899 as part of the Army Quartermaster Department. As an example Plymouth became a major landing port for US troops deployed from the continental US prior to embarking for France. The ships used for transport were owned by steamship companies. On the 19th August 1914 she captured the German ship Odessa carrying a cargo of nitrate. On the 29th of September 1918, the transport ship Leviathan left the docks of Hoboken New Jersey on its voyage to Brest, France carrying troops and medical personnel. In addition to the transports the Army fleet included specialized types. Attack transports, a variant of ocean-going troopship adapted to transporting invasion forces ashore, carry their own fleet of landing craft. The map is part of a book written about the U.S. transport activities. U.S., Army Transport Service Arriving and Departing Passenger Lists, 1910-1939. UNITED STATES NAVY TEMPORARY AUXILIARY SHIPS OF WORLD WAR I, 1917-1919. These lists recorded details on all persons arriving at U.S. ports on ATS ships. Ormonde: The Ormonde was being built when the First World War started and her completion was delayed because the ship builders were needed by the British Navy. My soldier was a member of the 67th Battalion (Western Scots) and sailed aboard the RMS Olympic in early April 1916. Campania was saved from being scrapped by the outbreak of the war. WW1 VICTORY MEDAL WITH TRANSPORT CLASP , 2 SETS OF ORIGINAL RIBBONS DOG TAG . Although just a sub-section of the ships used by the Australians in the war they are nevertheless representative of the types of vessels used. In 1918 Ascania ran aground off Cape Ray. WWI US Army Ammunition Belt Set of Two (2) by Mills. The Campania was now the world's largest aircraft carrier. In October 1918 the Otranto was heading for Scotland with her convoy when she collided with the Kashmir. Matson placed her in service between the United States West Coast and Hawaii. REGISTER OF SHIPS OF THE U. S. NAVY: AUXILIARY VESSELS. ORIGINAL MATCHING PAIR WW1 US Army Pin-back Engineer Collar Disc 59TH REGIMENT . In some instances, troops from other countries traveled on U.S. Army ships as well. Carmania: Three days after war was declared, Carmania was converted into a armoured merchant cruiser. To browse this image set, select from the options below. The problem started even before the ship departed, the passengers became victims of the dreaded influenza. On the morning of 26 June 1918, troops began embarkation on the S. S. Kroonland at Pier #5 In Hoboken, N.J. Some of the people on board were rescued by the Mounsey but she then ran aground and broke in half. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. In 1918 she was hit by a torpedo a few miles from Altacarry Light (County Antrim). However she was used in the Gallipoli landings. The Orsova was transferred to the Australian route for the last three months of the war. The Laconia was handed back to Cunard in July 1916. The 3245 troops on board the ship sailed for Brest, France, at 3:30 P.M. Company A traveled later, on 9 August 1918. Can anyone give me pointers on where to look for the name of the troop ship that took two Oregon boys from the 162nd to France (brothers, last name is Deetz, Edwin and Jonah)? She was employed as a hospital ship and had her cross lights on when she was torpedoed without warning by a German submarine. Any ideas? After a short service she was returned to P&O in 1919. During World War I, the Quartermaster Corps managed the Army's deepwater fleet. On 28 October 1914 ten New Zealand troop transports and their escorts steamed into King George Sound, Albany, Western Australia, to join 28 Australian ships and their escorts. Campania: Built in 1893, the Campania was originally a record-breaking transatlantic liner. Volumes of Shipping During six weeks of 1914 The Admiralty came to the rescue as they were looking for a ship which could be converted to carry seaplanes. Laconia: The Laconia was turned into an armed merchant cruiser in 1914. In addition to troops, passengers could also include nurses and other support personnel, family members, and any other passengers who may have been traveling onboard these ships. A fleet of transport ships was leased by the Commonwealth government for the specific purpose of transporting the various AIF formations to their respective overseas destinations. Remembering World War I: American Troop Ships First Arrive in France. In addition to troops, passengers could also include nurses and other support personnel, family members, and any other passengers who may have been traveling onboard these ships. When not committed to military transport, these ships were employed to carry various commodity exports to Britain and France. In mid-September 1914 she sunk the German liner Cap Trafalgar. Watercolor of the SS Leviathan at the National Archives. In March she was hit by a torpedo in the English channel, luckily her captain was able to beach her at Plymouth. In the latter part of the war she was employed as a hospital ship. commissioned ships to transport American service personnel across All but the regular Navy's Hendersonand Hancock(later AP-1 and AP-3, not included here) were former merchant passenger liners, sixteen of them German vessels that had been laid up in U.S. ports since the great conflict began in 1914. The inadequacy of motor transport was cruelly exposed during the Somme campaign from July 1916 onwards. The arrival of the first convoy carrying the soldiers and Marines of the American Expeditionary Force at Saint-Nazaire, France, on 26 June 1917 surprised the world and provided much-needed encouragement to the allies. Ports west of Southampton also contributed to the transport and deployment of men and material but due to longer journey times they were not as extensively used. Remarks Owned by the Ocean SS Co Ltd, Liverpool (Blue Funnel Line). This collection consists of lists of passengers arriving at U.S. ports on Army ships. Then in February 1915 she was turned into a troopship and was sent straight to Gallipoli where she took casualties to the safety of the Egyptian port. This included increased numbers of berths; often in cargo holds and conditions on board were cramped to say the least. No.) On the eastward journeys, the third class areas were occupied by Canadian troops. This map can be considered to be part of the entire study of troopships during that period. Subscribe to our Spartacus Newsletter and keep up to date with the latest articles. This collection includes photographs of the many troop transport ships from WWI. Otranto: On the 1st August 1914 the Otranto was requested to become hospital ship but in the end became an armed merchant cruiser. Orontes: The Orontes was taken over by the government in 1916 as a troop ship and held this job until the end of the war. Harrisburg, a troop transport, was built as a steel threemasted schooner in 1888 as City of Paris by J. The following transport ships were used to convey the troops of the 5th/22nd, the 22nd Battalion plus other key elements of the AIF during the First World War. On July 16, 1945, at 5.29 am, the first nuclear weapons test in history was conducted near Socorro, New Mexico. Then 40 miles SW of Cape Spartivento in Sardinia, she was hit by a torpedo and sank. Commonwealth control ceased on 12 Oct 1917 when her management transferred to the … Troop transports assembled off the island of Lemnos, and landings began on the Gallipoli Peninsula at two places early on April 25, 1915, at Cape Helles (29th British and Royal Naval divisions) and at ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) beaches. On the 31st October 1914 she confronted Admiral von Spee's powerful fleet of German cruisers and two of the three ships with her, Good Hope and the Monmouth, sank but luckily she and the Glasgow escaped. She was based at Simonstown in the South Atlantic which she patrolled until April 1915. Only 24 people survived out of the 258 people on board. Omrah: With the outbreak of war Omrah was requisitioned by the government for troop transport. As most of the other Cunarders were being used by the Admiralty, the Campania was used for passenger trips. She was employed in the North Atlantic, but after having made only seven trips she was hit by a torpedo 15 miles off Inishtrahull. I … Invernia: The Invernia was taken over by the Royal Navy and used for troop transport to Canada and the Mediterranean. Monday, June 26, 2017. There were no troops on board and only 12 of the crew were killed. Eventually Cunard decided that she was no longer needed and put her up for sale. She was sunk by a torpedo about 60 miles SE of Cape Matapan in Greece while carrying troops. The U.S. Navy acquired Maui from Matson on 6 March 1918 for World War I service as a troop transport, assigned her the naval registry Identification Number (Id. Work on her was completed in mid-September 1914. Caronia: The Caronia was the Carmania's sister-ship and was the first to be turned into an armoured merchant cruiser. & G. Thompson, Clydebank, Scotland, for the Inman Line. The William P. Frye, a four-masted steel barque built in Bath, Maine, in 1901 and named for the well-known Maine senator William Pierce Frye (1830-1911), was … It was originally created to manage the transport of troops and cargo on Army ships that travelled between U.S. and overseas ports during the Spanish-American War. Soldiers exercising on board the troopship Ruapehu. This map shows the main troop-carrying routes in the North Atlantic during the First World War. Sailors, navies and the war at sea. She carried troops to Colombo and then 40 prisoners to Egypt before being discharged from service in February 1915. In the summer of 1915 both the ships were involved in the Gallipoli campaign. WWI Ship Name Index Site Quick Links Menu. Serving in the Great War. Ancestry.com offers a search engine that may help connect a particular service person with a troopship. During the First World War, the U.S. Navy's Transport Force (also called the Cruiser and Transport Force) employed forty-five commissioned ships to transport American service personnel across the Atlantic to the European combat zone. In August 1916 she was repaired and given back to the Cunard Line. On the 4th of October 1916, bound for Salonika, she was torpedoed and sank. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. This was one of the worst misfortunes in the last few weeks of the war. Aurania: The Aurania was completed in 1917. Remembered Today: 26179 Private Cephas GREGORY Sherwood Foresters (Notts and Derby Regiment) who died on 19/12/1920 ILKESTON (PARK) CEMETERY United Kingdom. $28.95. Two years later she was again used for troop transport bringing troops from Australia to England. First World War Encyclopedia (3,250 pages - £4.95). One of these was an older ex-commercial steamer that had been in Navy hands since the early 1900s. Most of the 51st Pioneer Infantry were among them. About U.S., World War I Troop Transport Ships, 1918-1919 This collection includes photographs of the many troop transport ships from WWI. Both ships survived the war and in June 1919 the Caronia was returned to Cunard. Ascanius was part of the first convoy of ships carrying troops for overseas service to leave Australia in November 1914. Laconia was then used as a headquarters ship for the operations to capture Tanga and the colony of German East Africa (Tanzania). This section of the Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy consists of ship pages and photos from the Naval Historical Center's Online Library of Selected Images relating to auxiliary vessels acquired for … Andania: The Andania was used to transport the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and Royal Dublin Fusiliers to Cape Helles for the landings at Suvla. Llandovery Castle: The sinking of this Llandovery Castle is considered one of the worst atrocities of the war. In some instances, troops from other countries traveled on U.S. Army ships as well. Purpose built planes called Fairy Campanias were built and the ship had room for ten on her decks. It was quite a sight. The vast majority of troops followed these routes. The Carmania was going to help at Gallipoli but she ran aground on the way and ended up just picking up survivors from three battleships torpedoed in the Dardanelles. A troopship is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime. 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