The internal failures of the contact mechanism can best be understood through the forces at work in a live torpedo. The concept of the German Torpedo Boats in World War I was to execute torpedo attacks on bigger warships. Dazu musste das Boot die Torpedos relativ nahe an die gegnerische Schlachtlinie heranbringen und entsprechend schnell und wendig sein, außerdem eine geringe Silhouette besitzen, um spät erkannt zu werden und ein kleines Ziel abzugeben. Author’s montage of main Torpedo Boat classes, and appareance of all classes 1883-1918 1,346 12. Boat 532 on patrol during WW 2 in the phillipines. Learn how and when to remove this template message, German naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_torpedo_boats_of_World_War_II&oldid=994067873, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2013, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 23:15. Over 40.000 pages on the officers, the boats, technology and the Allied efforts to counter the U-boat threat. Boat builders who had made their name in racing lined up to compete for Navy contracts. When a 3,000-pound torpedo traveling at 46 knots struck the hull of a ship, incredible forces … Ein Torpedoboot ist ein kleines, schnelles Kriegsschiff, das von etwa 1880 bis 1945 gebräuchlich war. The German torpedo boats of World War II were armed principally, if not exclusively, with torpedoes and varied widely in size. Classed as "Fleet torpedo boats" (Flottentorpedoboot) the 1940 Type was more a destroyer than a torpedo boat, with a full load displacement of 2,566 tons and carrying four 5-inch guns and eight 21-inch torpedo tubes in two quadruple mountings, and was based on Dutch designs. HOME. Flag images … They were of limited size and therefore of limited value in the rough seas of the North, notably beyond the Dogger Bank. The 1937s incorporated some modifications to the 1935 design, including lower pressure turbines, but with little real improvement. Post Sep 07, 2015 #25 2015-09-07T12:09. Therefore the main focus of armament changed, too. Ein Schnellboot ist ein kleines Kriegsschiff, das von Verbrennungsmotoren (Diesel- bzw. The Shearer torpedo boat was a one-of-a-kind design that showed little promise from its inception. The projected fleet torpedo boats 1944 were planed after a radical change in torpedo boat tactics. A-Boote) in Dienst gestellt. Of those, 326 were 80 feet long—the largest in their class. Therefore, the main armament were four 10.5 cm flak guns, plus an increased number of smaller antiaircraft guns, but those ships kept the torpedo and mine laying abilities of their predecessors. Ursprünglich waren Schnellboote mit Torpedos bewaffnet. However they were much more at ease in the Baltic. They were not small schnellboote (known to the Allies as E-boats) but small seagoing vessels, the larger of which were comparable to destroyers. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. Carl Gnam. BY TYPE. They were ordered to improvise, to use anything but the textbook 90-degree track. Surviving units were transferred to Allied navies after the war. Torpedo Boats – World War 2 “A surface vessel of war whose main armament is torpedoes, and is intended to travel at sea with the battle fleet to attack major enemy warships.” At the outbreak of war there were three flotillas of Motor Torpedo “short boats” between 60 ft. (18 m) and 72 feet (22 m) long. Six were sunk, and two others scuttled, by the end of the war. Jahrhunderts maßgeblich von dem Briten John Isaac Thornycroft entwickelt, um den neu erfundenen schraubengetriebenen Torpedo einsetzen zu können, der die bis dahin gebräuchlichen Spierentorpedos verdrängte. Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 24 MTB 24 was one of three 72ft motor torpedo boats built by Thornycroft in their Hampton works on the Thames in 1938/39. Therefore, the Kriegsmarine contracted three Dutch shipbuilders to build some smaller vessels. All built by the Naval Dockyard at Wilhelmshaven, they were named Albatross, Falke, Greif, Kondor, Möwe and Seeadler. Torpedoboote und auch deren Besatzung wurden im Ersten Weltkrieg oft als „Schwarze Gesellen“ bezeichnet, da sie durch Kohlenfeuerung, niedrige Schornsteine und generell eine im Vergleich zum vorhandenen Schiffsraum große Maschinenanlage recht verrußt oder verstaubt waren. The 1935 class were a new design, to be a maximum "declared" displacement of around 600 tons in order to come within a clause in the Washington Naval Treaty, and higher speeds than the older 1923 and 1924 classes. In practice these ships were overweight, though still too light to be seaworthy, while their high pressure turbines were unreliable and difficult to repair and maintain. Until the Hochseetorpedoboats(see the earlier article) which were destroyer in all but name, German Torpedo-boats had the responsibility of defending territorial waters of Germany. A World War II torpedo boat that sank three enemy ships and took part in two invasions has returned to its home port. Three were sunk, and one scuttled, by the end of the war; of the survivors, four were transferred abroad as war reparations and the last was scrapped in Germany. Vincenzo. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. Die Volksrepublik China hat heute noch einen große… As a technical innovation, all auxiliary machinery were electrical powered instead of the usual steam powered ones. In the USN they were organized in Motor Torpedo Boat Squadrons (MTBRONs). Vincenzo. The first designs were steam-powered craft dedicated to ramming enemy ships with explosive spar torpedoes. Therefore the last Fleet torpedo boat designs returned to a ship equal to a small destroyer. 1,346 12. They entered service in 1927 and 1928 and all but one had been lost before mid-1942. Still some units saw an extensive fight on the naval clashes together with guard ships, they were the second main units (after submarines) used by the Soviet Navy. This class had the main focus of armament changed to anti-aircraft artillery. Diese hatten ähnliche Aufgaben wie die ursprünglichen Torpedoboote des ausgehenden 19. Nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg bauten verschiedene Marinen weiter Torpedoboote; diese unterschieden sich von zeitgenössischen Zerstörern durch eine geringere Größe und eine schwächere Artilleriebewaffnung. During World War II the Elco Naval Division of the Electric Boat Co., in Bayonne, N.J., built nearly 400 patrol torpedo, or PT, boats for the U.S. Navy. The boats were armed with three 25mm cannons and two 45.7cm torpedoes. PT -- Motor Torpedo Boats Click on "PT-##" for link to page with specifications, history, photographs (where available). There was still an open niche for a fast attack craft like the Italian motor torpedo boats that had famously sunk the SMS Szent Istvan in World War I. BY CONFLICT. The six Type 23 torpedo boats (also known as the Raubvogel (German:"Bird of prey") class) were developed from earlier designs shortly after World War I and came into service in 1926 and 1927. These ships were towed away from Elbing, but their construction was not continued and they were later scuttled. While other nations like Britain started to increase the size and gun armament of their torpedo boats - or torpedo boat destroyers - and designed a ship that would later just be called "destroyer", the German Navy stayed with the idea of small crafts that were focus on their torpedo weapons. Drawings and information on Torpedo Boat TKA G-5. Many photographs were taken on board U 995, now a museum-ship in Laboe and it should be noted that most of the identification labels are not-original and often mistakenly located or mistakenly labelled. BY DECADE. The torpedo fire control system described here is based on the type VIIC U-Boat, which was equipped with four bow torpedo tubes and one aft torpedo tube. The Torpedo boats were used in several different ways, for escort duty, mine laying, surface patrols or U-boat training, of the 51 ships build, only 12 survived the war. ChrisPat. Of the other vessels, T40, T41, T42 and T43 were launched but were scuttled incomplete at Elbing, while the remaining vessels (T44 to T51) were destroyed on the slips when East Prussia was evacuated in May 1945. Es zeigte sich jedoch, dass die Grenze von 600 ts zu eng für einen brauchbaren Entwurf war, so dass die Schiffe in Realität zum Teil deutlich größer waren. They were the first to use electrical welding for hull construction to reduce displacement and they also introduced geared turbines. They had a range of three hundred forty miles at a top speed of twenty-eight knots or one thousand miles, cruising at sixteen knots. Ein Torpedoboot ist ein kleines, schnelles Kriegsschiff, das von etwa 1880 bis 1945 gebräuchlich war. Post Sep 07, 2015 #24 2015-09-07T10:57. the italian sure launched torpedoes i don't think they hit. Of the survivors, three were transferred abroad as war reparations and the last was scrapped in Germany. Speed and range were improved, but otherwise, they displayed the same good and bad points as the Raubvogels and experienced similar operational conditions and upgrades. Boats powerful engines remind me of our machinist on our P.T. COUNTRIES. They were designed to be able to operate with other fleet units in the North Atlantic. Jahrhunderts maßgeblich von dem Briten John Isaac Thornycroft entwickelt, um den neu erfundenen schraubengetriebenen Torpedo einsetzen zu können, der die bis dahin gebräuchlichen Spierentorpedos verdrängte. NAVAL WARFARE. 1873 wurde das Buggeschütz auf dem 1862 gebauten deutschen Kanonenboot SMS Basilisk ausgebaut und durch ein Torpedorohr ersetzt; damit war die Basilisk der erste „Torpedoträger“ der Kaiserlichen Marine, wenn auch nicht das erste „Torpedoboot“ im eigentlichen Sinne. All these remarks about the P.T. They were assigned a number prefixed with "TA". It was to be of wood construction with a 35 hp petrol engine and carry one man and one torpedo. Nine vessels were planned, again all at Schichau, Elbing; these were unnamed, but numbered T52 to T60. 30K 2,518. The aging S-208 was eventually broken up but S-130 continued to serve as a test platform in a variety of roles under the pennant number "EF-3". On the 15th August 1938, the Admiralty ordered eight new MTBs, based largely on the promise shown by Vosper’s MTB 102. Die deutsche Kriegsmarine baute im Zweiten Weltkrieg Zerstörer und Torpedoboote (z. Liste deutscher Großer Torpedoboote (1898–1919), Liste der Küstentorpedoboote der A-Klassen, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Torpedoboot&oldid=204755734, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. A motor torpedo boat is a fast torpedo boat, especially of the mid 20th century.The motor in the designation originally referred to their use of petrol engines, typically marinised aircraft engines or their derivatives, which distinguished them from other naval craft of the era, including other torpedo boats, that used steam turbines or reciprocating steam engines. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. All six were again built by the Wilhelmshaven Naval Dockyard, and were named Iltis, Jaguar, Leopard, Luchs, Tiger and Wolf. Es wurde Ende des 19. Während des Zweiten Weltkrieges kamen dann über 400 MTB in verschiedenen Ausführungen um die britischen Inseln und im Mittelmeer zum Einsatz. In the early 1930s the USSR began mass production of a "mosquito fleet" consisting of aluminum torpedo boats that had high speeds of around 50-55 knots.Development of this project was carried out by the special design bureau of the noted aircraft designer A.N. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. Die Boote wurden zudem komplett schwarz angestrichen als Tarnfarbe für den Nachteinsatz. A PT boat (short for patrol torpedo boat) was a motor torpedo boat used by the United States Navy in World War II. In March of 1957, S-130, operating under the number UW-10 ("UW" = "Unterwasserwaffenschule"), trained sailors using underwater mines and torpedoes. The Torpedoboot Ausland ("foreign torpedo boats") were small destroyers or large torpedo boats captured by Nazi Germany and incorporated into the Kriegsmarine. The immediately following six ships of 1924 Type (Raubtier ("predator") class) had been intended to mount 12.7 cm guns but, instead, received updated 10.5 cm weapons. After the invasion of the Netherlands in 1940, the Dutch shipyards were almost undamaged. At Close Quarters: PT Boats in the United States Navy. ChrisPat. These fast, light vessels, their hulls made of double-planked mahogany, have been portrayed on-screen torpedoing larger Japanese warships in daring night raids in the Pacific. Examples included T107, T108, T110, T111 and T196. MODERN FLEETS. Die einzigen noch primär zum Einsatz von Torpedos konzipierten Überwassereinheiten waren danach Schnellboote oder Motortorpedoboote. Twelve 1935s were built; unlike the preceding vessels of the 1923 and 1924 designs, these were given numbers (T1 to T12) but no names. Torpedoes used on German U-Boats during World War I The earliest German torpedoes type C35/91, despite entering service at the end of the 19th century, were successfully used by German U-Boats during the years 1915-1916. Lockwood immediately directed his boats at sea to launch their torpedoes from large, obtuse angles.
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