mughal architecture features upsc

1,2 and 3. Two Frenchmen Bernier and Travenier an an Italian adventurer Manucci, the author of the Storio Dor Mogor, are specially noteworthy. These include buildings for domestic usage, temples, mosques, Khanqahs and dargahs, commemorative gateways, pavilions in the buildings and gardens, bazaars, etc. The tomb stands on a raised vast platform in the centre of a square garden. His tomb was built at his birthplace Sasaram, Bihar, made up of red sandstone and situated inside a lake. Similar to literature and religion, the Mughal period was not an era of complete innovation and renaissance, but was an extension and culmination of processes that began in the last Ottoman-Afghan era. They also laid out many formal gardens with running water. It can be translated as Door to Victory. The features include calligraphy, pietra dura works (beautiful inlay work with precious multicolour stones), Charbagh style gardens, use of water in premises for decoration and foresightening technique. Forgusson has opined that the Mugha style of architecture was foreign in origin. Marvel at the grand design and layout. It is located in Agra. The architectural style is a remarkable mixture of Islamic, Indian, Turkish, and Persian styles. Red Fort – UNESCO designated it as the World Heritage Site in 2007. were also introduced. Building material: During the Mughal period, buildings were constructed mostly of red sandstone and white marble. His tomb at Delhi represents an outstanding landmark in the development and refinement of the Mughal style. Your email address will not be published. Made of red stone on the bank of river Yamuna. Described as ‘frozen moment in history’ as the buildings represented a unique combination of Hindu and Persian style. Use of red sandstone was principle feature and he introduced the use of. The Mughal Empire (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. His period is the transition from Lodhi style to the Mughal style of architecture. He undertook the reconstruction and extension of an old Mauryan route and renamed it as Sadak-e-Azam which was later called as. Though the Mughal art absorbed the Indian atmosphere, it neither represented the Indian emotions, nor the scenes from the daily life of the Indian. These two artists were originally employed by Humayun. Post – Mughal Style of Architecture AVADH (OUDH) STYLE. Mughals brought in Persian style into Indian Architecture. They developed or improve the style of earlier dynasties like Lodhi’s and it was a combination of Islamic, Persian, Turkish and Indian Architecture. Mughal architecture begins with Akbar who displayed great passion for buildings with meticulous planning and constructing splendid edifices. Apart from this celebrated duo, more than a hundred painters were employed, most of whom were Hindus from Gujarat, Gwalior and Kashmir. The Mughal buildings show a uniform pattern both in structure and character. Mughal architecture reached its peak during the rule of Shah Jahan. The Mughals were known for building beautiful quadrilateral gardens. Mughal architecture is a building style that developed in the Indian subcontinent from the 16th until the early 18th century, during the reign of the Mughal Empire. Indian architecture entered upon a new phase with the advent of the Mughals. And after Babur, every emperor took great considerable interest in the architecture field. Humayun’s Tomb – It was built in 1570 in memory of Emperor Humayun, it was declared as the world heritage site in 1993. Further facilitated by the inter-rivalry and lack of unity … Mughal gardens are a group of gardens built by the Mughals in the Islamic style of architecture. Constructed in the memory of his beloved wife Arzuman Bano Begum or Mumtaz Mahal. The reign of Akbar (1556-1605) witnessed the development of the mughal architecture. One of the important distinguishing features of the Mughal buildings is their ornamentation as compared with the simple buildings of the previous Muslim rulers of India. They developed Indo-Islamic architecture in the Indian subcontinent. Important features of this style are Curved lines, Bulbous dome, foliated arches vigorous use of marble instead of red sand stone and use of pietre dura for decorative purposes. He shifted his capital city from Agra to Delhi. The collected and constant efforts of these artists gave birth to a new school of painting, popularly known as the Mughal School of miniature Paintings. He didn’t take any active interest in the pursuit of art and architecture. Mughal gardens. Different types of buildings, such as majestic gates (entrances), … It includes the building of palaces and forts. Taj Mahal – It was built by Shah Jahan between 1632 and 1653, in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. 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