how many species of rhododendron are found in sikkim

The 38 species of Rhododendrons in the Sikkim Himalayas show a barrel-shaped altitudinal distribution based on nine different altitudinal distribution ranges categorized between 1500 and 6000 m (Pradhan and Lachungpa 1990). stream The small State of Sikkim is … Km. km, the place is renowned for being home to Red Panda and Black Bear, the rare Himalayan species. 19 species are recognized from Darjeeling district of West Bengal, 7 from Nagaland, 5 from Manipur, 2 from Mizoram and Meghalaya each, 6 species from Uttaranchal and 4 from Himachal Pradesh and Jammu … Apart from ground slipper orchid and Rhododendron (Sikkim’s state tree), tourists can also encounter rare trees such as Oak, Champ, Ferns, and Orchids. 4 0 obj University Rewa (M.P. %���� R. anthopogon ssp. cinnamomeum var. through limited eld suveys, it has . There are also 150 varieties of gladioli and 46 species of rhododendrons. Darjeeling States together), of which 34 ... found many species of rhododendrons . Sprawled across an area of 104 sq. The genus Rhododendron rhododendrons in the Sikkim Himalaya is shown in Fig. 3. Lepachas, Bhutias, Limbus and Nep ... reached a stage where many species are found as rare and endangered. Bamboos of 20 species are also found here. It occurs in habitats and elevations similar to those of R . rhododendron species (Sikkim and . "),d=t;a[0]in d||!d.execScript||d.execScript("var "+a[0]);for(var e;a.length&&(e=a.shift());)a.length||void 0===c?d[e]?d=d[e]:d=d[e]={}:d[e]=c};function v(b){var c=b.length;if(0, se også billeder fra 1994 Danmark-ekspeditionen, KHANGCHENDZONGA BIOSPHERERESERVE SIKKIM (INDIA), Rhododendrons in Indian Himalayan Region, Diversity and Conservation, JARS, EXPLORING RHODODENDRON SANCTUARIES IN SIKKIM. <> endobj Sikkim has 144 species of mammals, 450 to 500 species of orchids, 40 species of oaks, 36 species of rhododendrons, 4000 species of flowering plants, 500 to 600 species of birds, more than 400 species of butterflies and insects as well as many species of reptiles are also found here. Hanuman tok situated at hilltop has a Hanuman Mandir and during the clear weather Kanchendzonga range can be viewed at its best. through limited eld suveys, it has . The 104 sq km Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary with its pure Rhododendron stands is contiguous with the Singalila National Park in West Bengal. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 12 0 R 13 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Rhododendron is its state tree; about 40 species of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state. Sanctuary in the Yumthang Valley in north Sikkim- now well connected by motorable road- good five hours drive from Gangtok, the Capital of Sikkim. 2 0 obj Sikkim has about one–third of the total angiosperms found in India. R. arboreum is a common species. A distinctive species that requires a mild climate in Britain and is thus rare in cultivation. It offers many things to look out for when planning a day-out in the beautiful sanctuary. It is the national flower of Nepal, the state flower of Washington and West Virgi… It has aesthetic, sacred, aromatic, medicinal and fuelwood values. Among other animals, leopards, wild dogs, foxes, jackals, deer, Himalayan Palm civets are also found here. recently become easier to identify . The place is spread over a humungous area of 104 square kilometres. There are about 36 species of rhododendrons in Sikkim found at heights of 10,000 ft.Their variety is as diverse as the sizes and colours. It occurs in habitats and elevations similar to those of R . The first species available for garden use, in the mid-1600s, was R. hirsutum, the hairy alpine rose, which may grow as high as 1 metre (3 feet). Sikkim has 144 species of mammals, 450 to 500 species of orchids, 40 species of oaks, 36 species of rhododendrons, 4000 species of flowering plants, 500 to 600 species of birds, more than 400 species of butterflies and insects as well as many species of reptiles are also found here. It is also home to the rare Himalayan red panda and black bear. It offers many things to look out for when planning a day-out in the beautiful sanctuary. ":"&")+"url="+encodeURIComponent(b)),f.setRequestHeader("Content-Type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded"),f.send(a))}}}function B(){var b={},c;c=document.getElementsByTagName("IMG");if(!c.length)return{};var a=c[0];if(! From the giant Rhododendron Crande [over 40ft] to the Rhododendron Nivale(a few-inches off the ground), and from the blood red to pale white. ), India Abstract Rhododendron flowers have an enormous range of colours, shapes and size in their wild form. //Ak���md��>ʭeȕ�s�Q�l1����!�6��U����CM����>բeTe��P�8�~��W�U�#uWJ6l������"�i�=�b�݃S{�b���. cinnamomeum var. Rhododendron /ˌroʊdəˈdɛndrən/ (from Ancient Greek ῥόδον rhódon "rose" and δένδρον déndron "tree") is a genus of 1,024 species of woody plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), either evergreen or deciduous, and found mainly in Asia, although it is also widespread throughout lowland and montane forests in the Pacific Northwest, California, the Northeastern United States, and especially in the highlands of the Appalachian Mountains of North America. R. arboreum ssp. cinnamomeum var. ("naturalWidth"in a&&"naturalHeight"in a))return{};for(var d=0;a=c[d];++d){var e=a.getAttribute("data-pagespeed-url-hash");e&&(! The Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary has around 600 varieties of Rhododendron along with other kinds of flora. 1 0 obj recently become easier to identify . This gives way to tropical evergreen mountain and rain forests where 240 species of ferns . roseum. This former species was reduced to varietal status under R. dalhousiae by Dr. James Cullen in his 1978 revision of subgenus Rhododendron. One subspecies nilagiricum of Rhododendron arboreum occurs in Western Ghats. (function(){for(var g="function"==typeof Object.defineProperties?Object.defineProperty:function(b,c,a){if(a.get||a.set)throw new TypeError("ES3 does not support getters and setters. Total no. R. arboreum ssp. Sikkim is rich in cultural and biological diversity. dalhousiae but is found only at the eastern end of the range of that species (northeastern India (Arunachal Pradesh), Bhutan, & southern Tibet). Using IUCN (2001) guidelines for categorization eight species are being evaluated. arboreum R. arboreum subsp. The Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary or Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary is located in the Singalila Range of western Sikkim. Deforestation and unsustainable extraction of rhododendrons has led to severe pressure on the availability of these plants. 3 0 obj This gives way to tropical evergreen mountain and rain forests where 240 species of ferns . The Barsey Rhododendron trek covers the higher reaches of the Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary in West Sikkim, which houses 13 different varieties of rhododendron species. nilagiricum. ");b!=Array.prototype&&b!=Object.prototype&&(b[c]=a.value)},h="undefined"!=typeof window&&window===this?this:"undefined"!=typeof global&&null!=global?global:this,k=["String","prototype","repeat"],l=0;lb||1342177279>>=1)c+=c;return a};q!=p&&null!=q&&g(h,n,{configurable:!0,writable:!0,value:q});var t=this;function u(b,c){var a=b.split(". The 43-sq.km land of Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary at varying altitudes ranging from 3048 meters to 4575 meters has a rich variety of rhododendrons. and most have showy flower displays. Using IUCN guidelines for categorization eight species are being evaluated according to population characters. There are about 36 Rhododendron species with 45 different forms (including subspecies and varieties) in the Sikkim Himalaya. From the giant Rhododendron Crande [over 40ft] to the Rhododendron Nivale (a few-inches off the ground), and from the blood red to pale white. The Trans-Himalayan ecoregion extends from 4,500 m to over 5,500 m with characteristic cold desert vegetation, exclusively restricted to the north of Sikkim. It includes the plants known to gardeners as azalea, which was once treated as a … Located on the eastern part of Sikkim, this wildlife sanctuary is home to many rare and endangered species of plants. Entire hill slopes are covered with Arboreum, Falconeri, Barbatum, Hodgsoni and Campanulatum, the most commonly found rhododendron species in this sanctuary. endobj Located on the eastern part of Sikkim, this wildlife sanctuary is home to many rare and endangered species of plants. There are about 36 species with 45 different forms (including subspecies and varieties) in the Sikkim Himalaya. In the alpine region of Sikkim, above the height of 10000 feet, about 35 species of Rhododendrons are found. For instance, one can see tall rhododendron species such as R. arboreum and R. falconeri in the lower temperate forests. 1849 and 1850, Sir Joseph Hooker's2 expedition to Sik- The 36 species of rhododendrons in the Sikkim Hima kim in the eastern Himalayas discovered forty-five new laya3 showed barrel-shaped altitudinal distribution (Fig species, including the yellow-flowered R. campylocarpum ure 2). Do you know that Rhododendron niveum is the state tree of Sikkim? R. baileyi. Rhododendron species as found in the wild grow, flower, are pollinated, and set seed.The seedlings are usually pollinated by the plants of the same species and generally look similar to the parent plants, though there may be small, and sometimes considerable, variations among them. Rhododendron (from the Greek: rhodos, "rose", and dendron, "tree") is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae.It is a large genus with over 800 species. Genus Rhododendron Status in Sikkim Himalaya: An Assessment Onkar N. Tiwari and U. K. Chauhan School of Environmental Biology, A.P.S. Individual species were studied for their field character, habitat, morphological In the present study whole genera of Rhododendrons found in Sikkim has been considered. Arunachal Pradesh is home to the highest number with 119 taxa (74 species, 21 sub species and 24 varieties) of the Rhododendron. R. anthopogon subsp. The Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary or Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary is located in the Singalila Range of western Sikkim. (e in b)&&0=b[e].o&&a.height>=b[e].m)&&(b[e]={rw:a.width,rh:a.height,ow:a.naturalWidth,oh:a.naturalHeight})}return b}var C="";u("pagespeed.CriticalImages.getBeaconData",function(){return C});u("pagespeed.CriticalImages.Run",function(b,c,a,d,e,f){var r=new y(b,c,a,e,f);x=r;d&&w(function(){window.setTimeout(function(){A(r)},0)})});})();pagespeed.CriticalImages.Run('/mod_pagespeed_beacon','http://www.rhododendron.dk/sikkim-list.html','2L-ZMDIrHf',true,false,'XYEDunSb1Nk'); <> in rhododendron species. R. argipeplum/smithii. R. arboreum subsp. Bamboos of 20 species are also found here. Spectacular illustrations of these Rhododendrons were published in the lavish book The Rhododendrons of Sikkim-Himalaya. 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Rhododendrons are the dominant component of every forest type in the Sikkim Himalayas, and the plants change their shape, size, and flower characteristics with a rise in the elevation. Apart from ground slipper orchid and Rhododendron (Sikkim’s state tree), tourists can also encounter rare trees such as Oak, Champ, Ferns, and Orchids. hypenanthum. This former species was reduced to varietal status under R. dalhousiae by Dr. James Cullen in his 1978 revision of subgenus Rhododendron. Institute of Tibetology houses large number of Buddhist scriptures as well acts as museum. 1. Distribution and protected areas of Sichuan) and Malaysia [1] [2] [3]. This tiny state is a home to about 600 types of orchids and 240 species of trees and ferns. State-wise, Arunachal Pradesh harbours the maximum number of species (67 species) followed by Sikkim (36 species). Some other species seen here include saxifrages, gentians and primulas. There are 36 species with 45 different forms (including subspecies and varieties) in the Sikkim Himalaya. Noble orchid (top) is Sikkim's state flower. Over 40 species of rhododendrons are found here. Rhododendron, meaning “red tree,” refers to the red flowers and woody growth of some species, but rhododendrons range in habit from evergreen to deciduous and from low-growing ground covers to tall trees. Nine different altitudinal distribution ranges were Sikkim alone is home to more than 36 rhododendron species. Starting from April and continuing to May (mid), springs in Sikkim is marked with the blooming of the many different Rhododendrons. State-wise, Arunachal Pradesh harbours the maximum number of species (67 species) followed by Sikkim (36 species). At least, in the Sikkim Himalaya temperature, day length and genetic relatedness between species determine when rhododendrons put out their first buds, flowers and fruits, finds a new study. 2. It has been used widely to produce many worthy garden hybrids. The place is spread over a humungous area of 104 square kilometres. anthopogon. Rhododendron species, in Sikkim. Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants. Most of the rhododendrons people grow are hybrids, rather than natural species. The visitors will be in the midst of over 30 species with many variations in this 43 Sq. The gneissose and half-schistose rocky trails passes through a rich bed of evergreen and deciduous forest that encounters you with over 7000 species of plants, including the state tree, rhododendron, which has 36 different species. <>>> The Barsey Rhododendron trek covers the higher reaches of the Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary in West Sikkim, which houses 13 different varieties of rhododendron species. R. anthopogon. There are about 36 species with 45 different forms (including subspecies and varieties) in the Sikkim Himalaya. 1. dalhousiae but is found only at the eastern end of the range of that species (northeastern India (Arunachal Pradesh), Bhutan, & southern Tibet). [CDATA[ Deer, Himalayan Palm civets are also found here West Bengal and Malaysia [ 1 ] [ 2 ] 2..., deer, Himalayan Palm civets are also 150 varieties of gladioli and 46 species of Rhododendron arboreum in! Found here among other animals, leopards, wild dogs, foxes, jackals, deer, Palm! 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