christchurch, new zealand earthquake

A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011[2] at 12:51 p.m. local time[9] (23:51 UTC, 21 February). Christchurch is a highly planned city that is based on a central city square that has four different city … ", "Help for Christchurch businesses and workers after earthquake", "Painstaking work continues at devastated buildings", "1240 central Christchurch buildings demolished video", "Christchurch earthquake: Heartbreaking messages from buried daughter", "Christchurch quake toll 75, dozens missing", "Christchurch Earthquake: Workers trapped in crushed buildings", "Day 03 field report from the Christchurch 22 Feb 2011 6.3M, "Christchurch earthquake: Collapse of stairwells concerns professor", "Forsyth Barr search ends with no bodies found", "SYNOD VOTES TO RESTORE CHRISTCHURCH CATHEDRAL", "Christ Church Cathedral: Cost to ratepayers revealed", "Milestone reached in Christ Church Cathedral rebuild as design advisers appointed", "Christchurch's tallest hotel 'on brink of collapse, "Little hope of finding survivors at CTV building", "Christchurch earthquake: Demolitions key to CBD access", "Kiwi in line for big payout on quake-damaged office tower", "Demolition of quake-hit PWC building starts", "Dozens killed in New Zealand's 'darkest day, "NZ Christchurch earthquake timeline from NZCity", "Dome of Catholic Cathedral to be removed", "Fate of Catholic Cathedral Still Unknown", "Thousands of Christchurch homes face demolition", Land Zoning Policy and the Residential Red Zone: Responding to land damage and risk to life, "Scores of people killed in Christchurch quake", "Million dollar donation to rebuild Lyttelton Timeball", "Christchurch earthquake: Scenic suburbs 'no place to buy now, "Christchurch quake: Homeowner resigned to devastation", "Cost of Redcliffs School rebuild on Redcliffs Park site grows to $16 million", "Seismologist had hoped time for large shock had passed", "Emergency 111 system knocked out in Southland", "Quake shakes 30m tonnes of ice off glacier", "State of emergency lifted in Christchurch", "Work to identify earthquake victims completed", "Machines signal end of Christchurch earthquake rescue", http://www.police.govt.nz/sites/default/files/publications/christchurch-earthquake-fatalities-locations-map.pdf, "Origins clarified by various NZ Herald victim reports", "Christchurch quake: Emergency Cabinet meeting", "New Zealand Red Cross 2011 Earthquake Appeal", "Christchurch Art Gallery built to highest standard", "Death toll at 75, national emergency declared", "Brownlee to focus solely on quake recovery", "Names of two further victims released in Christchurch Earthquake", "Australian Police contingent to assist local police", "Aussies become NZ cops in quake-hit city", "Police pay tribute to Australian contingent leaving Christchurch", "Aussie police to help stop looting in Christchurch", "Thai DVI team arrives to assist in identifying Christchurch quake victims", "Christchurch earthquake: Search teams leaving no stone unturned", "DPM Teo Offers Assistance in Response to the Earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand", "LA search-rescue heads to site of NZ quake", "LA County Team Preps for Deployment to New Zealand", "World races to aid New Zealand quake rescue", "Japanese search and rescue team races home", "Welsh firefighters join New Zealand earthquake rescue", "Taiwanese rescue team on way to New Zealand", "Christchurch Earthquake: Extra Chinese workers boost foreign aid numbers", "Humanity Greater Than Any Act of Nature", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 6", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 8", "Territorial Force swaps trenching tools for shovels", "Christchurch Earthquake – NZ Defence Force – Update 5", "ED staff donated their blood to quake patients", "Patients flock to Australian temporary hospital", "Christchurch earthquake: Latest updates", "LandSAR volunteers join Christchurch relief operation", "Power transformer to be installed in eastern Chch suburbs", "Christchurch earthquake: Power restored to 82 percent of customers", "Default price-quality path annual compliance statement for the year ending 31 March 2012", "65 dead in devastating Christchurch quake", "Christchurch Earthquake: Fire ban in place for Canterbury", "Long wait for some without power, water", "Community Laundry Facilities Set Up Again for Christchurch", "Farmy Army puts away the shovels – for now", "A Job Well Done for Rangiora Earthquake Express", "Prime Minister of Australia – official website", "Strong earthquake strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, killing at least 65", "Pope joins international sympathy for NZ", "Media Advisory: Christchurch thanks Japanese search and rescue", "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on the recent earthquake in New Zealand", "N.Z. [7] In each of these cases the buildings that collapsed were known to have been appreciably damaged in the September 2010 earthquake but the local authority had permitted the building to be re-occupied (CTV and PGC buildings) or protective barriers adjacent to them moved closer to areas at risk of falling debris (Colombo Street). News staff. Thousands of portaloos and chemical toilets from throughout New Zealand and overseas were brought into the city. [79], The historic Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings were severely damaged, with the Stone Chamber completely collapsing.[14][80]. [105], At the Tasman Glacier some 200 kilometres (120 miles) from the epicentre, around 30 million tonnes (33 million ST) of ice tumbled off the glacier into Tasman Lake, hitting tour boats with tsunami waves 3.5 metres (11 ft) high. Close to 8000 residents of Christchurch have reported feeling a moderate earthquake this morning, which was a magnitude 3.7 jolt. ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. [156], Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia. [177] Kamalesh Sharma, Commonwealth Secretary-General, sent a message of support to the Prime Minister and stated "our heart and condolences go immediately to the bereaved." [11][12] The intensity felt in Christchurch was MM VIII. [257][260] For example, after the Christchurch earthquakes, studies reported that older educated females of European New Zealand descent were over represented in their sample population,[257][260] which isn't accurate of the Christchurch population as a whole. [124] Meanwhile, the Canterbury CDEM Group ECC had relocated to the fully operational University of Canterbury Innovation (UCi3) building to the West of the city, when the Copthorne Hotel adjacent to the Regional Council offices threatened to fall onto the offices and ECC. Christchurch's central city and eastern suburbs were badly affected, with damage to buildings and infrastructure already weakened by the magnitude 7.1 Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010 and its aftershocks. [256][258][259][260] Increases in trauma exposure are related to increased dependence on alcohol and nicotine, as well as prescribed psychiatric medication. Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. [219] The plans were confirmed in February 2013, with seven schools closing, 10 schools merging into five (not including the overturned Phillipstown-Woolston merger), and three high schools taking on additional year levels. [21] Fires were reported at the Canterbury Television (CTV) building. Accessed February 22, 2011. [136] A team of 55 Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team members from the Singapore Civil Defence Force were sent. The Department of Building and Housing also released a plan for the construction of 500 modular homes. [127][128][129][130][131] Many of them received standing ovations from appreciative locals as they walked through Christchurch Airport upon arrival. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression. Marshall, E.M., Frazier, P., Frankfurt, S., & Kuijer, R.G. On Wednesday morning, 22 hours after the quake, a survivor was pulled from the rubble. [262] Depressive symptoms before a disaster can predict higher chances of developing PTSD following a trauma. The scale of the destruction all but defies belief when we can appreciate only too well how difficult it must have been struggling to come to terms with last year's horror ... Our deepest sympathy and constant thoughts are with you and all New Zealanders. When we returned to New Zealand over a decade later in 2018, we were curious to see how the city had changed. [132] Alongside regular duties, the police provided security cordons, organised evacuations, supported search and rescue teams, missing persons and family liaison, and organised media briefings and tours of the affected areas. Both COGIC, French Civil Protection and the American USGS requested the activation of the International Charter on Space and Major Disasters on the behalf of MCDEM New Zealand, thus readily providing satellite imagery for aid and rescue services. [33] Geologists reported liquefaction was worse than the 2010 earthquake.[16]. [243], Commercial properties are not insured by the EQC, but by private insurance companies. [236] Much of the NZ$90 million cost of the 2011 census was written off. It is expected that the State of Emergency Level 3, the highest possible in a regional disaster, will last at least five days. We visited Christchurch in 2007 as part of a three week trip around New Zealand and it was one of the most memorable parts of our trip. ", CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Television interview with Minister Brownlee on NZ TV One, 24 February 2011 at 19:30 NZT. New Zealand's Earthquake Commission (EQC), a government organisation, levies policyholders to cover a major part of the earthquake risk. [256][257][258][259][260][261] Research following the Christchurch earthquakes has shown that increasing exposure to the damage and trauma of a natural disaster is correlated with an increase in depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. [137][150], The Royal New Zealand Air Force provided an air bridge between Christchurch and Wellington using two Boeing 757 and three C-130 Hercules, and bringing in emergency crews and equipment and evacuating North Island residents and tourists out of Christchurch. Time-lapse visualisations of the February 22 2011 and September 4 2010 earthquakes and their aftershocks can also be viewed. [112] Between 6,600 and 6,800 people were treated for minor injuries,[113] and Christchurch Hospital alone treated 220 major trauma cases connected to the quake. (A complete list of the deceased can be found on the New Zealand Police website.) [159], The 66 kV subtransmission cables supplying Dallington and New Brighton zone substations from Transpower's Bromley substation were damaged beyond repair, which necessitated the erection of temporary 66 kV overhead lines from Bromley to Dallington and Bromley to New Brighton to get power into the eastern suburbs. At least 166 people have been confirmed dead with the final death toll expected to be over 200.[15]. This meant most secondary schools in the city had closed early that day and most students had returned home before the earthquake hit, by coincidence limiting potential casualties. On September 4th 2010 a 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck New Zealand. [162] Electricity distribution operator Orion later stated the power outages caused by the earthquake added to 3261 SAIDI minutes, or equivalent to the entire city being without power for 54 hours and 21 minutes. [229] The team's round three match against the Northern Mystics in Auckland was postponed,[229] while their round four home match against the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic was moved to the Energy Events Centre in Rotorua. 2020-12-22 11:36:46 UTC 3.2 magnitude, 29 km depth Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand 3.2 magnitude earthquake 2020-12-22 11:36:46 UTC at 11:36 December 22, 2020 UTC Twelve Japanese students from the Toyama College of Foreign Languages died in the building collapse. [31][failed verification] The vertical acceleration was far greater than the horizontal acceleration. [36], Christchurch International Airport was only open for emergency air traffic,[37] but has now been opened to all local and domestic flights. [114] ChristChurch Cathedral has lost the top of its main spire and its roof has fallen in. After 7 years, the school is set to be moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020. [163], On the day of the earthquake, Prime Minister John Key said that 22 February, "...may well be New Zealand's darkest day",[164] and Mayor of Christchurch Bob Parker warned that New Zealanders are "going to be presented with statistics that are going to be bleak". The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people[6][7] in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. In September 2012, Minister of Education Hekia Parata announced plans to permanently close and/or merge a number of schools due to falling roll numbers and quake damage. [256] Because large number of citizens are being displaced, it is difficult to find a representative sample population. EQC chief executive Ian Simpson said that the $4 billion cap for each earthquake is unlikely to be exceeded by the costs of residential building and land repairs, so $3 billion would be left in the EQC's Natural Disaster Fund after payouts. Linwood College and Shirley Boys' High School moved back to their original sites on 1 August (the first day of Term 3), and 13 September 2011 respectively. New Zealand Weak earthquake strikes west of Christchurch, with more than 600 feeling it. [13], Prime Minister John Key said that the 22nd of February "may well be New Zealand's darkest day". [45], Road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts. (2011, February 23 [New Zealand time]). [135] They also responded to fires, serious structural damage reports, and landslides working with structural engineers, seismologists and geologists, as well as construction workers, crane and digger operators and demolition experts. [222], New Zealand Cricket's offices were damaged by the earthquake. It was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake and the focus was very shallow at 4.99 kilometres deep. [2] The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch,[10] New Zealand's second-most populous city. Water and wastewater services are not working in many parts of the city. The Chief Coroner determined that another four deaths were directly associated with the earthquake. 2020-12-22 11:36:46 UTC 3.2 magnitude, 29 km depth Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand 3.2 magnitude earthquake 2020-12-22 11:36:46 UTC at 11:36 December 22, 2020 UTC [142] Taiwan sent a 22-member team from the National Fire Agency, along with two tons of specialist search and rescue equipment. [247][248], Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee echoed that fewer claims were expected through the EQC than for 2010. The EQC pays out the first NZ$1.5 billion in claims, and the reinsurance companies are liable for all amounts between NZ$1.5 billion and NZ$4 billion. [59] A government report later found that the building's construction was faulty and should not have been approved. [57] On 23 February police decided that the damage was not survivable, and rescue efforts at the building were suspended. [22] Foreign Affairs Minister Kevin Rudd also said a second team from South Australia will also be sent with more equipment. [12][21], The peak ground acceleration (PGA) in central Christchurch exceeded 1.8g (i.e. Around 30 million tonnes of ice fell off Tasman Glacier into Tasman Lake, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) from the epicentre, hitting tour boats with waves 3.5 high. The focus was very similar to the 9.0 earthquake which struck Japan on 11 March 2011 census of Zealand. All patients course of a major disaster on the footpaths were buried by collapsed buildings. [ 212.... [ failed verification ] the town. [ 19 ] 80 % of households within one.... 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[ 244 ] [ 257 ] this information is important to consider when reacting to future earthquakes their... ], on 2 January 2021, at 00:08 was heavily damaged February! Ensemble Miho 's jazz Orchestra to raise money for recovery efforts most damaging in a year-long earthquake affecting... The cancellation required an amendment to the local community part of its own risk by taking out cover with number. Deal with the earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, the Queen said she was `` utterly ''... ( a complete list of the Commonwealth were with the earthquake. 212...

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