alibaba motivation theory

The theory basically explains job satisfaction, not motivation. By … It is not unlikely that a person may dislike part of his/ her job, still thinks the job acceptable. The Three Needs Motivation Theory of David McClelland simplifies the factors of motivation to three basic needs, power, achievement, and affiliation. Employee Participation and Involvement. The other side of the need hierarchy is that human needs are unlimited. The main use of his recommendations lies in planning and controlling of employees work. In India, Maruti-Suzuki, Hero-Honda, etc., apply the postulates of theory Z. Argyris has developed his motivation theory based on proposition how management practices affect the individual behaviour and growth In his view, the seven changes taking place in an individual personality make him/her a mature one. TOS 7. On the country, if actual rewards fall short of perceived ones, he/she will be dissatisfied. In effect, self- actualization is the person’s motivation to transform perception of self into reality. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Although more valid explanations of motivation have been developed, these early theories a re important because they Taken together, the motivators and hygiene factors have become known as Herzberg’s two-factor theory of motivation, Herzberg’s motivational and hygiene factors have been shown in the Table 17.1. The need for affiliation, in many ways, is similar to Maslow’s social needs. In fact, Porter and Lawler’s theory is an improvement over Vroom’s expectancy theory. He believes in the existence of a dual continuum. According to Herzberg, today’s motivators are tomorrow’s hygiene because the latter stop influencing the behaviour of persons when they get them. It is probably safe to say that the most well-known theory of motivation is Maslow’s need hierarchy theory Maslow’s theory is based on the human needs. The two propositions in Urwicks’s theory are that: (i) Each individual should know the organisational goals precisely and the amount of contribution through his efforts towards these goals. People generally tend to take credit themselves when things go well. This, in turn, increases the value of search on Taobao and Tmall. Singles Day-2019 falls on Monday, November 11, 2019, and expected to surpass 2018's nearly $31 billion results, despite a slowing Chinese economy and the country's ongoing trade war with the United States. He asked these people to describe two important incidents at their jobs: (1) When did you feel particularly good about your job, and. These needs are to be met first at least partly before higher level needs emerge. He states that such situation will satisfy not only their physiological and safety needs, but also will motivate them to make ready to make more use of their physiological and safety needs. His theory focuses on Murray’s three needs; achievement, power and affiliation. What will be perceived as a motivator depends on the individual’s needs. Let us briefly discuss these one by one. There are three main elements in this model. Alibaba.com offers 1,426 motivation products. One of the most interesting elements of Alibaba's business strategy lies in its relationship with Baidu, which operates China's leading search engine. This can be attributed to the theory’s intuitive logic and easy to understand. These ads are the primary means through which Alibaba makes money from Taobao. Porter and Lawler’s Expectancy Theory. These needs find expression in such desires as economic security and protection from physical dangers. Researches show that man’s behaviour at any time is mostly guided by multiplicity of behaviour. 2. Meeting these needs requires more money and, hence, the individual is prompted to work more. The present paper is an attempt to formulate a positive theory of motivation which will The first basically negative, labeled Theory X, and the other basically positive, labled Theory Y. Merchants can list their products for free on Alibaba.com but also have the option to pay for a range of benefits such as greater exposure on the site and unlimited product listings. alibaba group offerings Tmall Taobao Marketplace Freshippo Alibaba Health 1688.com Lingshoutong AliExpress Lazada Group Kaola Alibaba.com Ele.me Koubei Fliggy Youku Alibaba Pictures Damai Amap DingTalk Cainiao Network Alimama Ant Group Alibaba Cloud Alisports Alibaba Entrepreneurs Fund Alibaba Global Initiatives In case of some people, the level of motivation may be permanently lower. In Chinese, Taobao means “search for treasure.” Taobao.com has grown to become China's largest shopping website and is ranked the ninth most popular website in the world by Alexa.com. A wide variety of motivation options are available to you, such as drinkware type, metal type, and feature. What McGregor tried to dramatise through his theory X and Y is to outline the extremes to draw the fencing within which the organisational man is usually seen to behave. They include such needs which indicate self-confidence, achievement, competence, knowledge and independence. But also will motivate them to make ready to make more use of their potential in accomplishing organisational goals. The second need does not arise until the first is reasonably satisfied, and the third need does not emerge until the first two needs have been reasonably satisfied and it goes on. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the most important theories of motivation are as follows: 1. In other words, the final step under the need hierarchy model is the need for self-actualization. 4. 4. BAT is an acronym referring to Baidu Inc., Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. and Tencent Holdings Ltd. Electronic Commerce (e-commerce) is a business model that enables a firm or individual to conduct business over the internet. The needs may or may not follow a definite hierarchical order. In 2014 it even bought a 50 percent share of the Guangzhou Evergrande Football Club for $192 million. In other words, need for achievement is a behaviour directed toward competition with a standard of excellence. It is a business-to-business trading platform, connecting manufacturers from countries such as China, India, Pakistan, the United States, and Thailand with international buyers. He is, therefore, interested in social interaction, companionship, belongingness, etc. By using Investopedia, you accept our. Because of its ubiquitous nature, salary commonly shows up as a motivator as well as hygine. However, Herzberg’s model is labeled with the following criticism also: 1. They tend to conform to the wishes of those people whose friendship and companionship they value. In all enterprises whether private or state owned, motivation plays a key role in driving employees towards achieving their goals, organizational goals and to a certain extent the dreams of their nations. It provides payments and escrow services for transactions on Alibaba Group platforms. 2. This refers to fulfillment. In the literature, these three needs are abbreviated “n Ach”, “n Pow”, and “n Aff” respectively’. Motivation theories (Source: Author's own figure) Maslow – hierarchy of needs. Managers usually strive to find ways to motivate their staff. Prohibited Content 3. This is the drive to excel, to achieve in relation to a set of standard, and to strive to succeed. In other words, personality of individual develops. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. McGregor’s Participation Theory 5. McClelland’s need-theory is closely associated with learning theory, because he believed that needs are learned or acquired by the kinds of events people experienced in their environment and culture. McGregor’s Participation Theory 5. This theory condenses needs into five basic categories. Report a Violation, Porter and Lawler Model of Motivation (With Diagram), Quality Circles in India: Problems of Quality Circles and their Solutions. The model suggested by them encounters some of the simplistic traditional assumptions made about the positive relationship between satisfaction and performance. Once physiological needs are satisfied, they no longer motivate the man. Motivation/Hygiene theory and Victor Vroom’s Expectancy theory. Herzberg’s Motivation Hygiene Theory 3. About 20% of these are Water Bottles. He did not value the human needs of workers. People are not by nature passive or resistant to organisational goals. This results in ultimate satisfaction to man. Different approaches applied by them have resulted in a number of theories concerning motivation. China Smart Logistics is a proprietary platform that provides real-time access to information for both buyers and sellers with a view to improving the efficiency of e-commerce package deliveries. Launched in 2003, Taobao lists hundreds of millions of products and services from millions of sellers. The main criticisms of the theory include the following: 1. One’s effort leads to his/her performance. It was Tmall that pioneered “Singles Day” in 2009 as an annual promotional event to reward users with discounts. The assumption that people are rational and calculating makes the theory idealistic. Alibaba Group has made major investments in Sina Weibo, a Chinese microblogging website similar to Twitter Inc. (TWTR), and Youku Tudou, China's answer to YouTube. High-need achievers have a strong desire to assume personal responsibility for performing a task for finding a solution to a problem. Tmall.com is a marketplace geared towards China's middle class, focused on large, multinational brands. 2. 8. Maslow is considered the father of needs based motivation theory and his theory is “one of the best-known and most widely cited works on motivation” (Denhardt et al., 2008, p. 148). Reported good feelings were generally associated with job satisfaction, whereas bad feeling with job dissatisfaction. The site charges merchants a percentage of sales and goes up against eBay, Amazon, and Etsy (ETSY) on their own territory. Content Filtrations 6. The need priority model may not apply at all times in all places. Argyris’s Theory 7. Vroom’s Expectancy Theory 8. Internal Motivation Theories. If any one of the variables approaches to zero level, the possibility of the so motivated performance also touches zero level. Aliyun develops platforms for cloud computing and data management, ensuring that Alibaba's e-commerce portals can handle its massive traffic and transaction volumes. They exert tremendous influence on human behaviour. There are three main theory categories, namely content theories, process theories and contemporary theorie… If the amount of actual rewards meet or exceed perceived equitable rewards, the employee will feel satisfied. The valence for the same reward varies from situation to situation. As regards extrinsic rewards, these may include working conditions and status. Some of the most important theories of motivation are as follows: 1. They blame failure on the external environment. While behavior is almost always motivated, it is also almost always biologically, culturally and situationally determined as well. Douglas McGregor formulated two distinct views of human being based on participation of workers. You can leverage this theory to help you get the best performance from your team.The two factors identified by Herzberg are However the amount of performance is determined by the amount of labour and the ability and role perception of the employee. By instrumentality, Vroom means, the belief that performance is related to rewards. [4] Maslow identified five levels in his need hierarchy as shown in figure 17.2. Herzberg’s Theory of Motivation tries to get to the root of motivation in the workplace. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Regardless of criticism, Herzberg’s ‘two-factor motivation theory’ has been widely read and a few managers seem untaminar with his recommendations. The responses when analysed were found quite interesting and fairly consistent. Advertisers can choose between pay-for-performance and display marketing. The important ones are: 1. Launched in November 2007, Alimama is an online marketing platform that provides sellers on Alibaba Group's marketplaces a range of marketing and advertising services. Thus, Vroom’s motivation can also be expressed in the form of an equation as follows: Motivation = Valence x Expectancy x Instrumentality. The expectancy theory does not describe individual and situational differences. Taobao.com is more similar to eBay or Amazon, connecting international businesses to consumers—or consumers to consumers. The goal of Scientific Management was to find this “one best way” of doing things as efficiently as possible.Taylor brought a very scientific approach to productivity. However, inability to fulfill these needs results in feeling like inferiority, weakness and helplessness. However, Maslow’s need hierarchy-theory is not without its detractors. The theories of motivation are broadly classified into two as content, and process: 1. The same is depicted in the following Fig 17.4. Theories of Motivation in Management # Theories of Motivation: All of the theories depend on the individual’s perception of what is a valued motivator. Incentive Theory of Motivation . Hertzberg’s Two-Factor Theory. 3. Lead Alibaba Founder Jack Ma Says You Don't Need to Know Much to Be Successful. It is quite different at a different person, so it’s a quite complex task to motivate people. Motivation theories are used to understand, explain, and influence human behavior. One of the most widely accepted explanations of motivation is offered by Victor Vroom in his Expectancy Theory” It is a cognitive process theory of motivation. Abraham Maslow’s need hierarchy looks at motivating people as equivalent to satisfying their internal needs. He used the critical incident method of obtaining data. People with a high need for power are people who like to be in control of people and events. The fulfillment of esteem needs leads to self-confidence, strength and capability of being useful in the organisation. Alibaba actually blocks Baidu's spider from indexing both Taobao and Tmall, meaning that pages from these websites do not appear in Baidu's search results. About 0% of these are Temperature Instruments. April 8, 2009. According to Mitchell (1982), there are four main characteristic of motivation and they include the following. A desire to influence and direct somebody else. They want their organisation to succeed. According to Maslow, the human needs follow a definite sequence of domination. Taylor’s Scientific Management attempts to find the most efficient way of performing any job. This is the earliest and most widely known theory of motivation, developed by Abraham Maslow (1943) in the 1940s and 1950s. In fact motivation itself is not a simple cause-effect relationship rather it is a complex phenomenon Porter and Lawler have attempted to measure variables such as the values of possible rewards, the perception of effort-rewards probabilities and role perceptions in deriving satisfaction. Critics like Porter and Lawler lebeled it as a theory of cognitive hedonism which proposes that individual cognitively chooses the course of action that leads to the greatest degree of pleasure or the smallest degree of pain. 2. It is the fact that organization’s ideas and strategic concept will fail down in a short time period when people are not getting agree with the organization’s strategy and key objectives. Disclaimer 9. Merchants have the option to buy advertising and other services to help them stand out on the website and boost sales. Thus, motivation is crucial to succeed in educational matters and without the fighting spirit nothing is possible not only in education but also in real life. People are inherently self-centered and indifferent to organisational needs and goals. Thus, the key constructs in the expectancy theory of motivation are: Valence, according to Vroom, means the value or strength one places on a particular outcome or reward. In short, the software is easier to scale than warehouses. The company's businesses account for more than half of all e-commerce sales in China. It is the energy that pushes us to work hard to accomplish the goals, even if … Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory 2. Argyris views that immaturity exists in individuals mainly because of organisational setting and management practices such as task specialisation, chain of command, unity of direction, and span of management. Here are 5 popular theories of motivation that can help you increase workplace productivity… 1. The fact remains that no organisational man would actually belong either to theory X or theory Y. Man is a social being. People are capable of directing their own behaviour. 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Of theories concerning motivation by multiplicity of behaviour effort refers to higher- lower order needs, power affiliation... Theory, McClelland identified the following four postulates: 1 of external rewards usually strive to find the reasons people... Motivator as well as hygine wide variety of importation theory options are available to you such! Which investopedia receives compensation the above two make people ready to make it easy to do because! Planning and controlling of employees work, namely content theories, process theories and contemporary theorie… FEATURES of motivation are... Means, the opposite of ‘ dissatisfaction ’ is ‘ no satisfaction ’ and the opposite of ‘ ’... That human needs into a hierarchical manner from the replies respondents gave when they felt bad recommended that relation...

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