Trees reach 50 to 60 feet high and 35 to 45 feet wide. Step 2: Look for Leaves. Introduction: American beech is a distinctive and elegant forest tree in Kentucky and throughout eastern North America.In early spring new leaves emerge from buds as feathery tassels. Tree & Plant Care. Flowers and Fruit The American beech flowers in the early spring just as its leaves are unfolding. The thin bark is smooth and steel-gray in colour. The tree fell in 1916 and had a girth of 28-1/2 feet. Its leaves are simple, alternate, and oval with widely-spaced, serrated edges. They are native to temperate Europe, Asia and North America. These leaves decompose relatively slowly and are, therefore, found in thick layers on the soil surface beneath the trees. Seeds of the deciduous tree. The toothed parallel-veined leaves are shiny green and are borne alternately along the stem. The male flowers are small and yellow and clustered together into ball-like structures. The beech tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown. There was a Beech tree on the old stage road between Blountville and Jonesborough, Tennessee that had an inscription carved into the trunk that read "D. Boone Cilled A Bar On Tree In Year 1760." The American Beech Tree (Fagus gradifolia) is native to the United States and is particularly abundant throughout the State of Georgia. Tolerant of higher pH soils than American beech. American beech's graceful, spreading form is superior to other beeches and is attractive throughout the year. American beech is a long-lived, slow-growing tree that can reach tall heights (60 to 100 feet), large diameters (3 to 4 feet) and grow massive, dense crowns; however, it is likely best known for its smooth, gray bark – a favorite for carving initials. They are slightly triangular in appearance, and usually have what appears to be small hairs coming from their husks. Beech trees are tall, round-headed, and wide-spreading. Best in full sun to part shade in well drained soils. Identifying Beech Trees. Beech (Fagus sp.) A glass bowl of fresh autumn fruit on white wash beech wood rustic look background. The European species Fagus sylvatica yields a utility timber that is tough but dimensionally unstable. Handsome foliage develops a golden bronze color in the fall. Add Tip Ask Question Comment Download. To identify a beech tree, look for a tree with smooth grey bark. Does not tolerate wet or compacted soil; drought sensitive and must be watered well in dry periods. Yellow-green male flowers hang from threadlike stems. Beech tree fruit on a light table. Beech nuts are the fruit of the Beech tree, and tend to be small, making them difficult to find. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acidic or basic, provided they are not waterlogged; but prefers chalky soils and limestone. The leaves of beech trees are used Beech trees are antibacterial, and they were traditionally used by Native Americans for treating tuberculosis. Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae. Those same antibacterial leaves are also used as a poultice for burns. The leaves are shiny green in the summer, and turn copper-colored in the fall. They are small, roughly triangular and edible, with a bitter, astringent, or mild and nut-like taste. Autumn fruit harvest. Beech trees grow in abundance on our land, and we forage edible and nutritious beechnuts each fall. Space for text There are 13 species of beech. Light background, autumn, beechnut, brown, closeup, dry, fagus, sylvatica, fall, forest. The fruit of the beech tree, known as beechnuts or mast, is found in small burrs that drop from the tree in autumn. American Beech Tree Bark, Leaf, Flowers, Fruit & Nut Identification & Facts. 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