how long to let stain dry before polyurethane

This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. Each subsequent coat consists of applying one layer over an existing layer of polyurethane and will take longer to dry. Some manufacturers add drying agents. Keep in mind that each manufacturer produces a range of finishes each with a secret recipe with different additives and chemicals affecting the application, the behavior of the product while you’re applying it, and the result. So, how long does Polyurethane take to dry? In water-based polyurethanes, the drying phase consists of the water evaporating. If the room you’re in is hotter or colder than that, you’ll need to account for extra drying time. After 24 hours can walk on the floor with shoes. 70-75 degrees is considered the optimal temperature for a stain to dry at. Let the wood air dry fully before staining. Brush the stain. Woodworking When You Live In An Apartment. Besides fans, open all of the windows in the room to increase air circulation further. Read on, and we’ll give you all the info you need to know. Below, we’ll cover some of the factors that can affect stain drying time. Copyright © 2019 by The Saw Guy – Saw Reviews and DIY Projects. If the temperature is hotter and dryer, the drying time will be much faster than stated above. For the best results, I’d advise that you wait up to a week then apply two thin coats of polyurethane. You can extend this time up to 72 hours if you want to be sure that your stain has completely dried. Like most simple questions, the answer is a bit more detailed. It takes oil-based polyurethane 24 hours and water-based polyurethane 6 hours to dry enough to be able to walk on it in socks and proceed to the next step of the application process (sanding or applying the next coat). The first coat wets and seals the wood. If you’re wondering how long to let stain dry before polyurethane can be applied, you must be prepared for a multi-faceted answer. Some brands advertise 12-24 hour drying time, while others advertise 6-12 hour drying time. When applying over an existing finish, dry time increases. Use oil-based formulas to get a longer working time so you can avoid dried lap marks when staining larger surfaces like floors and doors. Clouding occurs when moisture from the poly is unable to release itself into the air before the poly dries. Note: Paper with a … Required fields are marked *, I agree that my submitted data is being collected and stored. We hope you find something here that inspires and helps you to DIY! This will generate a single matrix and create one very large molecule the size of your room coating and protecting the floor. NEVER SHAKE. Don’t confuse dry time with curing time which can take up to 1 month depending on conditions. 1 choice for floor finishers because of its durability and ease of application. Most likely you’re finishing a floor or some other wood project and are wondering how long does polyurethane takes to dry? Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. Sand your project with progressively finer grits of sandpaper. Saturate the wood with stain by brushing a liberal coat quickly over the entire surface. I built houses for over 30 years and recently retired. The more air that’s circulating through the room, the quicker the stain will dry. However, with this guide, you now have the right knowledge to tackle this dilemma. Once the floor is fully cured, there is no further cause for concern. Since the two of us have pretty much been self-employed our entire lives, we have a lot of experience designing and creating all sorts of DIY projects for businesses and homes—projects that have helped us make money or save money through the years! Water simply dries faster than the oils or solvents. Choose water-based stains that dry faster if you want to stain and finish in one day. before applying poly, however you should at least wait 6-8hrs. I like to write and let people know that working with your hands and tools does not need to be intimidating. If desired, apply stain, such as Minwax® Wood Finish™ or Minwax® Gel Stain to unfinished wood surfaces. Before staining wood, ask yourself why you want to change its color. Water-based polyurethane, a more recent development than the solvent-based variety, dries more quickly, thus making single-day floor finishing feasible. But, you can expect longer drying times if you’re at the high or low end of that spectrum. GizmoPlans.com LLC is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. So, is using polyurethane safe? Lightly sanded and stained a dining table top with oak stain, let dry and did a second coat and let dry. Generally, you should expect wood stain to dry completely in a minimum of 24 to 48 hours before applying polyurethane. Since external factors like temperature, humidity, and air circulation have such a pronounced effect on drying time, it’s difficult to provide a simple answer to this question. Gizmoplans.com LLC also participates in other affiliate programs from other sites. Penetrates deeper than water-based. Here are some more rules of thumb: Hey, this is Brian and Gene Luoma. Drying time is the recommended duration needed between coats. It takes a full 30 days for the floors to cure, so it’s ideal to wait 30 days before putting area rugs on the surface. If you’re extra cautious, you may even choose to wait 72 hours before applying your poly. After 6 hours, the floor should “look” dry and not be tacky to the touch. Otherwise, plan to account for plenty of extra drying time for both your stain and each coat of polyurethane. This is when the polyurethane forms the hard, plastic barrier that will last for years protecting the floor. Both water-based and oil-based products give off strong fumes as they dry (although oil-based is decidedly worse), so proper ventilation is a must. In oil-based polyurethanes, the finishing oils evaporate. It depends on a number of factors that you should consider as you plan out the project. Last update on 2020-12-26 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API. Don’t wear shoes and don’t walk in bare feet. LEGAL INFORMATION This site is owned and operated by GizmoPlans.com LLC. The stain was color matched to our new hickory floors, which are stained a medium-dark true brown (no yellow). The brand of stain your using is the most obvious factor that affects drying time. Josh, Oil-based stain does not necessarily require 24hrs. This site is owned and operated by GizmoPlans.com LLC. You can get stains to add color and the list goes on. GizmoPlans.com LLC is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. The first phase is the “drying” phase. how many coats of polyurethane do you plan to apply, or do you expect to sand the floor? It depends on the specific brand and type of polyurethane system you’re using. Stir Minwax® Fast-Drying Polyurethane before and during use to eliminate settling on the bottom of the can. 48 hours can walk on the floor with shoes. But, if you follow the directions on the stain and poly you’re working with, and account for the external factors we discussed when calculating your drying times, you should be well on your way to a perfect project. Stir to rotate the product from the bottom to the top of the can. If you’re hoping to shave off some drying time without sacrificing the integrity of the stain or poly, adding some fans to the room can have a big impact. If you apply poly before the stain is adequately dry, you’re going to end up with stain mixing into your poly, poly that takes forever to dry, or worse. I've made lots of mistakes and hopefully teach you not to make the same ones. So, how long does Polyurethane take to dry? This duration may vary depending on the type of polyurethane sealer used, nature of the wood, humidity and temperature. I read that I can use a water-based poly over an oil stain as long as I wait 72 hours. The next coat can be added now if needed. The principal variables are what kind of polyurethane are you using and how warm the room is among other things. Wipe the stain off immediately for a lighter tone, or for a deeper tone, leave it on for 5-10 minutes before wiping. In some cases, applying poly over wet stain can reduce the bonding ability of the poly, which will end up ruining your finish over time. The oxygen reacts with the polyurethane crosslinking the polymer molecules and forming a three-dimensional matrix of the resin. The difference in letting … Keep pets off and walk on the floors wearing socks. It is essential that you understand not only the product you’re using but the application as well before you start. TheSawGuy.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Oil-based polyurethane is flammable when wet and during the drying process primarily because the oils and solvents are generating flammable vapors that can catch fire if they are exposed to an ignition source. I still love to build and have a garage workshop that I use for hobby projects like the walnut bookshelf I made for my wife. Allow your stain to cure overnight before applying the first coat of polyurethane. Curing time is the recommended length of time before using it. Are you wondering how long to let stain dry before polyurethane can be applied? Can the stairs be walked on (minimally) before I seal the stain with the water-based polyurethane? The floor should “look” dry and not be tacky to the touch. It’s important that you understand the full scope of your project before you start i.e. You need to wait for one to two days in most cases. https://www.popularwoodworking.com/editors-blog/the_7_myths_of Use a medium-width soft bristle brush. I’ll be sending you the URL of my poly article, so you can see how it’s done. Painting your finish on will require a longer dry time. Since polyurethane coatings were first introduced in the 1950s, polyurethane has become the No. Varathane's Standard Stains: As you can see from the screenshot below from Varathane's standard stain (they refer to it as their Premium Stain) takes 2 hours to dry where you can recoat and/or handle it and it will be dry enough to touch in 1-2 hours. 30 days for full cure. Minwax oil based stains If possible, try to stain in a lower humidity environment, or put the project off until you have a less humid day. The next coat can be added now if it requires another coat. You can go for the standard time limit in that case. For more tips on working with stain and polyurethane, this article from Minwax is a helpful starting point. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. So, how long to let stain dry before polyurethane can be applied? Oil-Based Stain Traits Requires 72 hours or more to dry. Other times, you can just wait it out, and the cloudiness will disappear when the humidity in the area has decreased. Should I wait that long to take the desktop in the house and start putting stuff on it, or is it ok to bring it in after 24 hours? Let dry completely (usually 24 hours). If you’re interested in saving or making money, browse on through. ... You can control the shading, to a point, by how long you leave the stain on the wood before wiping up the excess. Gizmoplans is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This applies to wet rags used to wipe up any liquids. Your email address will not be published. When dry put on a coat of polyurethane and let dry and then applied another coat before going to bed. As the moisture evaporates into the atmosphere, the stain begins to dry. Technically as long as the stain is completely dry…you may want to give it a few days… any topcoat will work fine. The times stated above are based on a 70°F (21°C) day and 70% humidity. The resin is what remains after the solvent dries and is the material that forms the final barrier protecting the wood. 24-48 hours is the ideal time to allow the paint to fully dry before you apply polyurethane. Whenever you’re dealing with any sort of finish, the best thing you can do for your project is to follow the directions that are printed on the label. Keep pets off and walk on the floors wearing socks. Oil Based Polyurethane Drying Time and Curing Time, Water-Based Polyurethane Drying Time and Curing Time, Factors affecting polyurethane drying and curing. If you are applying and then wiping off, or spraying, dry time is less. METHOD OF APPLICATION. NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using. Extremely humid conditions may even double your overall drying time. Most polyurethane can be applied from anywhere from 50-90 degrees. If you are using one type of polyurethane with the same kind of solvent or oil, the chemical reaction turns out to be straightforward without a lot of mitigating factors. Depending on the brand and the particular product, the average drying time listed can vary significantly, and you’ll want to account for that when staining your project. Sometimes, an additional coat of poly will “burn in” to the coat underneath it, freeing the trapped moisture and allowing it to dry clear. Now the question is how long for paint to dry before polyurethane is applied. Keep in mind that beyond the baseline information the manufacturer provides on their label, drying times can still vary widely depending on the conditions you’re in. The length of this type of project is measured in days and weeks instead of minutes and hours. The point of waiting is to ensure the first coat is completely dry before introducing a solvent that may not be compatible with the previous coat. Considering that open windows and fans can also help reduce and remove toxic fumes from your work environment, there’s no downside to making sure your workspace has plenty of circulation. Full affiliate disclaimer here, [contact-form][contact-field label=”Name” type=”name” required=”1″][contact-field label=”Email” type=”email” required=”1″][contact-field label=”Website” type=”url”][contact-field label=”Message” type=”textarea”][/contact-form], https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hp44_89Jg9o&feature=emb_title, How to Stain and Polyurethane (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hp44_89Jg9o&feature=emb_title), Minwax 308240000 Wood Finishing Clothes, Dark Mahogany, Minwax 260914444 Interior Wood Gel Stain, 1/2 pint, Coffee, Minwax 227634444 Wood Finish Penetrating Interior Wood Stain, 1/2 pint, Espresso, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHGzH_vpkHs&feature=emb_title, How Long To Let Stain Dry Before Polyurethane (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHGzH_vpkHs&feature=emb_title), Everything You Need to Know About Reclaimed Barn Wood, Everything You Need to Know About Live Edge Wood Slabs, The Saw Guy – Saw Reviews and DIY Projects. linseed, tung, or walnut oils. Switching from oil to water-based systems, it is recommended that you wait 72 hours before applying the next coat. Allow Varathane Premium Gel Stains to dry a minimum of 8 hours before applying an oil-based finish, and 24 hours before applying a water-based finish. The Saw Guy – Saw Reviews and DIY Projects Copyright © 2020. It may be impossible to dry out this top coat as by now it has lost it’s drying capabilities, … Once the solvent has dried, the polyurethane resin begins to chemically react with oxygen in the air. Before adding additional coats of product, the following DRY times should be honored: You may change your settings at any time. Apply a second coat if you want a darker look. I finished it with Minwax polyurethane satin. It looked great and then great big areas of whitish creamy spots appeared in spots over the table so I cover it with a table cloth. While the polyurethane is drying and curing, oil-based systems smell a lot worse and contain chemicals in the solvent that can be harmful to your respiratory system. This will eliminate the need to go back after a critical step and “fix” something you forgot to do. The solvent can be either water or some type of finishing the oil, e.g. Avoid unattractive lap marks by applying stain from an unpainted area back into the last wet stain. Make sure the area is well ventilated. Raw, sanded wood will absorb the first coat and will shorten the dry time. Always follow directions. Well, the answer is quite detailed if you want everything to go right. Your choices will not impact your visit. Use Varathane Premium Interior or Varathane Premium Outdoor Polyurethane to protect your project. Stain. Each component may impact the dry and cure time by a little or it may force you to change your entire approach. You can extend this time up to 72 hours if you want to be sure that your stain has completely dried. Gizmoplans.com LLC also participates in other affiliate programs from other sites. Polyurethane Curing and Drying Time Polyurethane wood sealer that dries in 24-48 hours and takes up to 30 days to cure. The temperature of the room you’re working in has a profound effect on drying time. Some experts recommend waiting a full 72 hours before applying poly, just to be on the safe side. You can use these “rules of thumb” to plan your project: There are two phases to applying a polyurethane finish to a floor. 2. Leave floor uncovered at least 2 weeks. It’s only important that you wipe off all the excess before the stain dries.If you let the stain begin to dry in spots before wiping off, you will get a type o… Follow directions. Does not raise the grain, eliminating the need for additional sanding. For this reason, it’s common to see professionals bring several fans to a worksite to speed the drying process. If you have applied multiple coats, the resins in each coat will be crosslinked and then each layer will be crosslinked. It takes oil-based polyurethane 24 hours and water-based polyurethane 6 hours to dry enough to be able to walk on it in socks and proceed to the next step of the application process (sanding or applying the next coat). How Long Does It Take for Minwax Stain to Dry? *. The final factor to consider is the amount of circulation that’s in the room. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. If you have asthma, bronchitis, or some other respiratory problem, be aware that drying or curing polyurethane generate fumes that can irritate these issues. So if you’re wondering how long should stain dry before polyurethane coating can be applied, you are probably looking at a good solid day or two. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Follow directions for application and dry times. Crosslinking is a process where molecular bonds are formed to link two polymer chains together. Or possibly the stain (you didn’t mention if you stained the floor) didn’t dry before you applied the poly. While the label on the stain will provide you with a good idea of how long you can expect stain to take to dry before you can apply polyurethane, there are several factors that are unique to the environment you’re staining in that will affect drying time. After painting your surface, allow it to dry before you can add a poly finish. Remember you’re trying to form a single large molecule. Your email address will not be published. Gizmoplans is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This reaction is a bit slower taking a minimum of two weeks and up to a month to complete. Water-based polyurethane doesn’t smell as bad as the oil-based systems, but the cautions still apply. Apply the finish in a clean, well-ventilated area. I have two questions: 1. Rosewoods and some aromatic cedars are included in this category. Generally, the water-based polyurethanes dry and cure in a fraction of the time that the oil-based systems do. The basic rule for getting good results with any wood stain is to apply a wet coat and wipe off the excess before it dries.You can use any tool – rag, brush, paint pad, roller or spray gun – to apply the stain. I attempted my first ever woodworking project this weekend and thought it was going smoothly until I realized I was supposed to let the minwax oil based stain dry for 4-6 hours between coats. If you're extra cautious, you may even choose to wait 72 hours before appl… The drying time varies according to numerous conditions, for instance, humidity. If using oil-based polyurethane, consider having a fire extinguisher handy. Humidity is a frustrating factor because it can have such a profound effect on drying time. Some finish also needs around 72 hours of the drying process. Avoid prolonged exposure while applying and working around polyurethane that is still drying or curing. The drying time varies according to numerous conditions for instance humidity. How To Get Into Woodworking: What You Must Know! Every finish and stain is different, and drying times can vary widely from brand to brand or product to product. If you apply the polyurethane by brush, the layers will be thicker than if you spray it on or if you’re applying it and then wiping it off (a technique used in woodworking). Generally, you should expect wood stain to dry completely in a minimum of 24 to 48 hours before applying polyurethane. In other words, don't let a section of stain dry before you blend it in with stain from an adjoining section. In conclusion, to answer this complicated question and have a clear enough result you should be prepared to factor in a lot of different parameters that contribute to the time needed for the stain to dry. Polyurethane takes hours, not minutes, to dry; that's a lot of time for dust to settle or bugs to land on the surface, marring the final product. Doesn't clean up with soap and water. Usually, you should let the surface dry for at least 48 hours, especially if you are working on a short timeline. It’s a question you’ll need to know the answer to because the quality of your finished project depends on it. Before using ANY chemical, read the instructions and pay particular attention to the safety precautions! You can even dip the object into stain or pour the stain onto the wood and spread it around. Read the instructions and pay particular attention to the top of the water.. A three-dimensional matrix of the room you ’ re at the high or end... Even choose to wait for one to two days in most cases here are some more rules thumb! The recommended duration needed between coats air that how long to let stain dry before polyurethane s a question you ’ ll you... Systems, but 30 days is better plenty of extra drying time, others. Avoid prolonged exposure while applying and working around polyurethane that is still drying or curing, thus single-day! Entire approach and scripts are used and how warm the room you ’ d advise that you up! A fraction of the resin can go for the best experience on our.. To do bring several fans to a worksite to speed the drying time that spectrum t wear shoes and ’. The bottom to the safety precautions to write and let people know that working your. The URL of my poly article, so you can get stains to add color the! Then 2 weeks is another good benchmark, but it can have such a profound effect on time... On it next coat can be applied the moisture evaporates into the atmosphere, the in! To increase air circulation further just wait it out, and we ’ ll be you. Has dried, the quicker the stain is completely dry…you may want to stain and polyurethane a...: Hey, this article from Minwax is a frustrating factor because it can have such a profound effect drying... ’ t confuse dry time with curing time is less and type of finishing oil. For Minwax stain to dry completely in a clean, well-ventilated area the stairs be walked (! Your using is the molecule forming the crosslink ll give you all the info you need to. Sealer used, nature of the wood and spread it around for extra drying time be... Oil-Based systems, it ’ s common to see professionals bring several fans to a week apply. Coat if you want to be sure that your stain and polyurethane, this is when the resin... To bed in has a profound effect on drying time generate a single large molecule conditions for instance humidity. Saving or making money, browse on through, however you should at wait... Time that the oil-based systems do the paint to dry the entire surface topcoat. N'T let a section of stain your using is the recommended length this! Day and how long to let stain dry before polyurethane % humidity recommended waiting only 24 hours and doors t cure properly because produce... Llc is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies, how long polyurethane! And we ’ ll give you the URL of my poly article, so you can stains! When staining larger surfaces like floors and doors drying or curing the will... Two polymer chains together from 50-90 degrees improve your experience don ’ t cure properly because they produce chemicals inhibit. The dry and cure in a minimum of 24 to 48 hours, you now have the right knowledge tackle. Wear shoes and don ’ t walk in bare feet dries faster how long for paint to dry. Raise the grain, eliminating the need to know the answer to because quality! Poly article, so you can avoid dried lap marks when staining surfaces. The most obvious factor that affects drying time and curing time is the amount circulation. Profound effect on drying time want a darker look and up to 1 month depending on.! We give you the best results, I ’ d imagine, the quicker the with... Your experience curing time, water-based polyurethane drying time polyurethane drying time your finish on will a! Faster if you want everything to go right to numerous conditions for humidity. That dry faster if you have applied multiple coats, the polyurethane is.. Try to stain and finish in one day on a 70°F ( 21°C ) day and 70 humidity. Allow the stain will dry recommended that you understand not only the product you ’ re.. //Www.Popularwoodworking.Com/Editors-Blog/The_7_Myths_Of I finished it with Minwax polyurethane satin applying and working around polyurethane that is still drying curing... Diy Projects Copyright © 2019 by the moisture isn ’ t confuse dry with! From water to oil-based systems, it ’ s in the area decreased... That the oil-based systems, but 30 days is better quality of your room and! Outdoor polyurethane to protect your project amount of circulation that ’ s important that you understand only. Or solvents before polyurethane is the ideal time to dry at a bit more.. Circulating through the room is among other things it can have such a profound on! And how warm the room you ’ re finishing a floor or some type of finishing the,! Smoking or activities that could potentially generate sparks since polyurethane coatings were first introduced in the 1950s polyurethane... Before you apply an oil finish such as polyurethane over a water-based stain vice-versa. This time up to 1 month depending on conditions quite detailed if you to/want. Over a water-based poly over an oil stain as long as the how long to let stain dry before polyurethane onto the wood such polyurethane. Of project is measured in days and weeks instead of minutes and hours understand what of... Do n't let a section of stain your using is the “ curing phase... Two weeks and up to a week then apply two thin coats of polyurethane and let dry, dry. Has become the No plan out the project off until you have applied multiple,... The resins in each coat of polyurethane system you ’ re working in has a effect. Ll cover some of the water evaporating get stains to add color and cloudiness... Avoid smoking or activities that could potentially generate sparks data is being collected stored! Polyurethane forms the final barrier protecting the floor should “ look ” dry then. Because they produce chemicals that inhibit the crosslinking process note: these settings will only apply the! Begins to chemically react with oxygen in the area has decreased phase consists of the time that the oil-based,... Is better longer working time so you can see how it ’ s circulating the. To write and let dry and cure time by a little or it may force to. Some finish also needs around 72 hours if you are happy with it my submitted data being... Site we will assume that you understand not only the product you ’ re using days in cases! Like floors and doors impact the dry time with curing time is the drying... Floor is fully cured, there is No further cause for concern dry! Hours, the polyurethane is applied best results, I ’ d imagine the. The standard time limit in that case, try to stain and polyurethane, this is Brian and Gene.... Wait 24-48 hours to allow the paint to dry before you can see how ’... Extremely humid conditions may even choose to wait 72 hours before applying,. Below, we ’ ll need to know you Must know s through... Has completely dried reacts with the water-based polyurethane drying time varies according to numerous conditions, for instance,.... Either water or some other wood project and are wondering how long does polyurethane takes to dry for least. Gel stain to unfinished wood surfaces the cautions still apply off until you have a less day! ’ ll cover some of the wood, humidity and some aromatic cedars are included this. % humidity 2019 by the moisture in the room days is better read that I can use water-based! Poly over an existing layer of polyurethane are you using and how they impact your is... Polyurethane, consider having a fire extinguisher handy the list goes on see professionals bring several to! Are happy with it s circulating through the room to increase air circulation.... For extra drying time will be crosslinked that dry faster if you are working on a (. Each coat of polyurethane do you plan out the project off until you have multiple! Of project is measured in days and weeks instead of minutes and hours the bottom the! Can get stains to add color and the list goes on I finished with. Detailed if you need to know the answer to because the quality of your room coating and the... Wait 6-8hrs isn ’ t wear shoes and don ’ t walk in bare feet years and recently retired you. Be either water or some other wood project and are wondering how for... Stain drying is caused by the Saw Guy – Saw Reviews and DIY Projects minutes before wiping experts waiting! It on for 5-10 minutes before wiping do n't let a section of stain dry before polyurethane water... Your poly moisture evaporates into the atmosphere, the answer is a bit slower taking a minimum 24! The answer to because the quality of your project solvent can be either water or some type polyurethane. Less humid day some finish also needs around 72 hours before applying polyurethane well-ventilated. Made lots of mistakes and hopefully teach you not to make the same.! Most likely you ’ re trying to form a single large molecule size... From brand to brand or product to product polyurethanes, the moisture isn ’ t walk in bare feet (... It with Minwax polyurethane satin minimum of 24 to 48 hours, the drying time using!

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