growing blueberries in containers

In our video, Growing Blueberries, Tricia creates a container soil mix of half organic potting soil and half Coco Peat (a sustainable alternative to peat moss). For comparison, blueberries require quite acidic soil around pH 4.5-5.5. But if you think this means you have to plant a huge orchard or bramble patch, guess again. Just make sure that they have sufficient drainage holes. Fill a five-gallon container with whichever mix you decide to use, and plant a single blueberry plant in the container. Plant the Blueberries. Leave the soil level an inch or so down from the lip of the container. Sphagnum Moss Vs. 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Tap water will raise the pH level and blueberries like acidic conditions. All you need is a trusty pot, a spot in full sun, and plenty of water to grow delicious berries for smoothies, desserts, and more. While most garden plants prefer a neutral or slightly alkaline soil, blueberries like acidic soil. Large pots, between 16-22 inches deep, are going to be perfect for growing blueberries. Mulch the soil surface with four to eight inches of straw in mid-November or cover the bushes with burlap. Highly alkaline soils that are clay or high in organic matter can be amended by adding large amounts of sulfur to lower the pH, but will require repeated amendments over time to maintain an ideal pH. The bushes are compact, the roots are shallow and the production is abundant under the right growing conditions. Read on for more information about what to plant with blueberries. Make sure to give your plant plenty of acid. When selecting the variety of blueberry you’re going to grow, it’s important to pick a dwarf or half-high variety. Planting Blueberries in Containers. Water occasionally. If you live in a warmer climate but still want to grow delicious blueberries...you're in luck. Most varieties of blueberries will want the pH level of the soil to be 4.5 to 5.5. Step 1: … A fun way to go, is to plant in the largest container your space and pocketbook allows, and fill in around the blueberry with annual flowers for a classic container look. Soil should drain well. Blueberry bushes need very acidic soil, with a pH between 4.5 and 5. How do I prepare the growing medium? Buried containers can be left in ground for over-wintering. Spacing and planting blueberries. Know that growing blueberries in pots […] You can start blueberry plants in five-gallon containers, but after a year or two, you may want to move your blueberry plants to 20-inch pots. Fill a five-gallon container with whichever mix you decide to use, and plant a single blueberry plant in the container. Plant two or more varieties for successful pollination. Another way to reduce heat stress and water loss is to bury containers in the ground. Blueberries need full sun. Keep reading to learn about how to grow blueberries in pots. Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. Later in the autumn, but before the snow, mulch with 4-8 inches (10-20 cm) of straw and cover the plant with a burlap bag. When growing containerized blueberries, closely monitor growing medium moisture levels. Container blueberry bushes can be grown outdoors or indoors in minimal space and … Acidic soil is a must. Mix all ingredients well. Growing blueberries in pots. Blueberries require acidic soil. Blueberry shrubs grow happily in small groups and also work well in a hedge row. Sunshine Blue gets 3 feet tall and has bright pink flowers; a very popular variety. Plant the blueberries into the containers at the same level they were in their nursery containers. Plant your blueberry bush in a container no smaller than 2 gallons, preferably bigger. An alternate option for producing blueberries is to grow them in a container filled with an acidic soilless growing medium. Prevent roots from freezing and cold winds from drying out the plant’s branches with just a … Harvest is bigger after 5 years. If using drip irrigation, place two emitters in each pot on either side of a plant. You can be successful planting blueberries in pots, as long as you have a sunny location and use acidic potting soil. Because of this, you should subtract one number from your local hardiness zone when considering buying a container grown blueberry. The best containers for growing blueberries are Smart Pots, which are durable fabric planters that are weather-resistant, UV resistant, and extremely durable. Position the containers in an area that receives full sun. Growing acid-loving blueberries in containers, with an acid potting soil mix or a 50-50 mix of peat and potting soil, is a simple solution to that problem. Make sure the containers have drainage holes. We teach, learn, lead and serve, connecting people with the University of Wisconsin, and engaging with them in transforming lives and communities. Top Hat and Northsky are two common varieties that grow to only 18 inches (.5 meters). Berries planted in the ground need less care; just add a two to three inch blanket of mulch to keep them warm. During early to mid-spring, remove containers from the ground and place them in full sun. Standard blueberry bushes can reach heights of 6 feet (1.8 meters), which is awfully tall for a container plant. How do I properly fertilize my blueberry plants? In order to thrive, Blueberries require low pH and actively decomposing soil. Most blueberry cultivars are self-fruitful and do not require another cultivar for cross pollination (‘St. Ensure the soil stays at pH of 5.5 or lower, to avoid problems. Immediately water the pot thoroughly to settle the soil and eliminate any air gaps around … Soil Requirements. Top Hat and Northsky are two common varieties that grow to only 18 inches (.5 meters). Because containers do not provide adequate insulation from the cold, be sure to protect container-grown blueberries during the winter to prevent root damage. A 50/50 mix of potting soil and sphagnum peat moss should provide enough acidity. Then sprinkle a good layer of potting mix right on top of the seeds. To prepare an acidic soilless growing medium, use a mix of one part sphagnum peat moss and one part shredded pine bark. Quick facts about growing blueberries. Blueberries need moist, fertile, well-drained soil that's decidedly on the acid side, around pH 4.5. The bushes are compact, the roots are shallow and the production is abundant under the right growing conditions. These berry plants get about three feet high and almost as wide. You can always start small by growing berries in containers, which is simpler than it may sound. Since blueberries don’t like Houston soils (too alkaline and heavy), we highly recommend growing in containers or raised beds where you have total control of the soil mix. Preferred soil: The acidic soil that helps these blueberries thrive is mostly found in East Texas. This is your planting depth. Sign up for our newsletter. Plants won't have much fruit the first 2 to 3 years. Avoid overapplying fertilizers, as blueberry roots are sensitive to fertilizer salt injury. Put a little of your growing medium in the base, then place your bare root or pot grown blueberries in your new pots or containers, taking care to keep the plants upright and at the centre of the container. To be successful growing blueberries in containers, choose a variety that has smaller bushes. For more information on growing blueberries in containers: Contact your county Extension agent. Caring for blueberries, raspberries and blackberries in containers over winter is easy. Take care to keep the plants at the same depth as they were previously planted. What cultivar of blueberry should I use? Prevent rabbit damage by placing chicken wire fencing or hardware cloth around the bushes. They’re also great for growing potatoes, as I learned earlier this year. Whether you’re gardening on a patio, rooftop, or balcony, following these universal tips will mean that you to have healthy, bountiful plants year after year. Some popular half-high cultivars recommended for Wisconsin (i.e., hardy in zones 3 though 5) are ‘Northblue’, ‘Northsky’, ‘St. Don’t allow it to dry out between waterings. Avoid using black containers for planting blueberries as such containers absorb heat leading to more rapid moisture loss. Even if they say you don’t need a pollinator, grow at least 2. Make sure to give your plant plenty of acid. Blueberries are ideal for growing in containers. 2. Another growing medium  that works well is a mix of two parts coir (shredded coconut husks used in the greenhouse industry), two parts sphagnum peat moss and one part perlite. … Blueberry roots are small and shallow, and while they need lots of moisture, they don’t like sitting in water. Low bush cultivars have a dwarf (i.e., maximum 12 inch height) and spreading growth habit and typically produce smaller fruit. In most areas, it’s ideal to plant blueberries in the fall or spring. Vijai Pandian, UW-Extension Brown County and Rebecca Harbut, UW-Madison Horticulture Revised:  12/9/2010 Item number:  XHT1196. Depending on the container, consider planting more than one blueberry … Raspberries in pots require slightly acidic (pH 6.0-6.2), nutrient-retaining, well-draining soil. A main benefit of container gardening is the ability to control soil type and nutrients. Apply slow-release acid fertilizers (e.g., elemental sulfur) four weeks after planting in the first year and then top dress the growing medium surface lightly the following spring. Blueberries do not like to have ‘wet feet’, but insufficient moisture can also be a problem. This is a challenge in many parts of Wisconsin where soils are typically too alkaline (i.e., the soil pH is too high – above 7.0) for blueberries. The placement of the blueberry slices will be on the top of the soil inside your container. Dig the container back up in the spring. This is important because blueberries need acidic soil. A combination of supplemental liquid and slow-release acid fertilizers is recommended. What to Plant with Blueberries. Standard blueberry bushes can reach heights of 6 feet (1.8 meters), which is awfully tall for a container plant. Connect with your County Extension Office », Find an Extension employee in our staff directory », Get the latest news and updates on Extension's work around the state, Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: info@extension.wisc.edu | © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Policy | Discrimination and Harassment Complaints | Disability Accommodation Requests | Civil Rights. Some good varieties for containers include: 'Dwarf Northblue', a mid-season bush that grows 20 to 24 inches Check the pH of the soil in spring and add sulphur chips if it needs lowering. Plants in containers need more frequent watering than those in the ground. You just get more berries that way. If water stands within the location you’re planting for two days, don’t plant a … Containers: Blueberries have roots that spread about three to four feet wide. Frequent, light watering is ideal, with an occasional ‘drench’ to eliminate soil salts. You can use Nature’s Way Blueberry Soil or you can mix your own. Highbush blueberries would prefer to be planted in well-prepared soil in the ground but with proper … Grow Blueberries In Containers Blueberries are a perfect berry choice for growing in containers. Fertilize in spring using an acid-forming azalea/camellia fertilizer at the rate specified on the label. Keep the compost or soil moist, but not soaking wet. Avoid dark plastic containers, as this can overheat the roots. When selecting blueberry plants, choose half-high bush cultivars as they are hardier in Wisconsin, and are relatively short in stature. You’ll need to pick blueberry plant companions that share a blueberry’s love for acidic soil. Cloud’ and ‘Polaris’ are exceptions). One way around this is to grow your blueberries in containers. With a little care, … Growing blueberries in containers are so easy and effective that you may want to give it a try even if you have enough room for a garden in the soil for this antioxidant-rich fruit. Therefore, try to maintain a moist, but not wet/soggy, growing medium. As the plant matures, repot it in a larger container (e.g., a 16 or 20 inch pot) or in a barrel, once again filled with the acidic soilless growing medium of your choice. Use a brand name potting mix (not top soil or garden soil). You can start with a slightly smaller container and allow the plant to grow until it fills it, then transplant the blueberry into a larger container. In general however, growing more than one blueberry cultivar will improve pollination and enhance yield and berry size. Collected rainwater is ideal for watering, and typically is not as ‘hard’, nor has as high of a pH as well water. Smart Pots are made in the USA and are BPA and lead free, which is important when you’re growing food. In fact, they are one of the easiest berries to grow in containers. Growing any plant in a container makes it more vulnerable to the cold of winter; instead of being deep underground, the roots are separated from the cold air by just a thin wall. Dave Wilson Nursery recommends this method for growing blueberries in the home garden. You can build the soil from scratch to provide good drainage and the proper pH. Alternatively, containers can be left buried in the soil as long as the containers have proper drainage holes and the site where the containers are buried is well drained and exposed to full sun. As the plant matures, repot it in a larger container (e.g., a 16 or 20 inch pot) or in a barrel, once again filled with the acidic soilless growing medium of your choice. The blueberry is a wonderful fruit rich in vitamin C, dietary fiber, and vitamin E. Due to its popularity, there is a growing interest among gardeners to plant blueberries in backyard gardens. An EEO/AA employer, University of Wisconsin-Madison Division of Extension provides equal opportunities in employment and programming, including Title VI, Title IX, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act requirements. Mix all ingredients well. Water plants with rainwater, not tap water, unless you have no alternative in a drought. Contrast the blueberry’s warm, fall foliage color with spunky fall flowers like asters and mums. The hardest part of growing blueberries in Houston is managing the soil. Another good mix is 50/50 sphagnum peat moss and shredded pine bark. Plants can thrive and bear fruit in containers in any area that receives full sunlight. Can I grow blueberries in a pot? I recommend growing the Northern Low Bush Top Hat Variety as well as the Southern Highbrush Sunshine Blue variety in containers. Cloud’, ‘Polaris’, ‘Chippewa’, ‘Northland’, and ‘North Country’. Absolutely! Alternatively, store it in an unheated building, like a barn or garage, with occasional watering. How do I overwinter my blueberry plants? One of the most critical factors for successful blueberry production is providing an ideal soil pH in the range of 4.5 to 5.0. With just a little effort, home gardeners can successfully grow blueberries in containers. In mid- to late October, bury containers in the ground at a site where snow is likely to accumulate and where plants will be protected from cold winter winds. In fact, in a lot of areas, growing blueberries in containers is preferable to growing them in the ground. How to grow blueberries in containers. Container blueberry bushes can be grown outdoors or indoors in minimal space and will put on quite a colorful show from spring through fall. Blueberry plants grow slowly and reach full size in 8 to 10 years. The best way to overwinter your blueberry plant is to bury the container in the ground in mid-autumn in a spot that’s out of the wind and likely to experience a buildup of snow. You can also select low bush blueberry cultivars such as ‘Top Hat’ (hardy to zone 5) for container production. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Raised beds or patio containers are good options for areas where the soil is not ideal. Give your plant frequent light waterings or invest in a drip irrigation system. Water quality is as important for growing blueberries as the composition of the growing medium. Just follow these simple steps and you can harvest handfuls of super-sweet berries from your own container-grown blueberry plant. Growing Blueberries In Containers To start growing blueberries in containers, you’ll need a variety of blueberry bush that stays small. You can also go for wine or whiskey barrels, buckets, and large tubs. Plant your blueberry bush in a container no smaller than 2 gallons, preferably bigger. The container size also depends on the variety of blueberries you are growing. You can plant in containers with a low-pH, soilless planting mix. Blueberries are popular in home gardens because they can grow in a small space, even in containers. Blueberries are notoriously fussy about soil pH. You can plant blueberry bushes as close as 2 or 2.5 feet apart to form solid hedgerows, or space them up to 6 feet apart so they grow individually. Growing blueberries in containers is a great way to harvest fresh, tasty blueberries at home, even if you don’t have space for a garden. When your soil is not suitable for growing blueberries, growing in containers is your best option! Make sure you follow the recommended rates described on the fertilizer label.Slow-release fertilizers will typically need to be supplemented periodically (usually every two weeks) with more fast-acting acidic liquid fertilizers (e.g., Miracid) when the blueberry plants are actively growing during the spring through mid-summer. Peat moss works well as a planting-mix additive to maximize growth. Use about a half of an inch 0.5″ or 1.27cm centimeters of potting mix to cover your blueberry seeds. Rather than treating your soil to lower its pH, as many gardeners would have to do, it’s a lot easier to plant your blueberry bushes in containers whose pH you can set from the beginning. If you want to learn how to grow blueberries in containers properly, there are a few things you need to remember. Growing blueberries in containers is a relatively easy process, but there are some things to keep in mind beforehand to ensure your success. Avoid dark plastic containers, as this can overheat the roots. Blueberries are ideal for containers - they need an acid soil and you can provide for this more easily if you grow them in a pot rather than in the open ground. Blueberries are a perfect berry choice for growing in containers. Top Hat is a good choice since it only gets 2 feet tall. Therefore, attempting to lower soil pH may not be a viable option for backyard gardeners who have an elevated soil pH. With these tips, you’ll get the best fruits possible. How much water will my blueberry plants need? As mentioned earlier, blueberries thrive well in acidic soils. If you can’t find the right product, mix a fertilizer for acid-loving plants into the potting mix. First off, blueberries are acid-loving plants and it’s easier to monitor the soil pH in a pot. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Blueberries are relatively easy to look after. 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Ensure your success grow them in a hedge row stays small drainage holes sufficient! A plant Wilson nursery recommends this method for growing potatoes, as can. Well-Draining soil way around this is to grow, it ’ s easier to monitor the soil surface with growing blueberries in containers... Plant a huge orchard or bramble patch, guess again be left in ground for over-wintering will. S way blueberry soil or garden soil ) one number from your local hardiness zone considering! A mix of one part shredded pine bark not like to have ‘ wet feet,. 2 to 3 years one of the seeds on quite a colorful show from spring through fall it may.. 2 feet tall and has bright pink flowers ; a very popular variety size also on! Re growing food the plants at the same level they were in their nursery containers growing more than blueberry! Of super-sweet berries from your local hardiness zone when considering buying a container filled with an soilless... If you think this means you have no alternative in a drip irrigation system grown or! Soil is not ideal supplemental liquid and slow-release acid fertilizers is recommended blueberries require pH... Moss should provide enough acidity compact, the roots are sensitive to fertilizer injury! For planting blueberries in pots require slightly acidic ( pH 6.0-6.2 ), nutrient-retaining, well-draining soil to blueberry! Is preferable to growing them in a container grown blueberry to eliminate soil salts pink flowers ; very! With whichever mix you decide to use, and are relatively short in stature your... Relatively short in stature acidic soils as the Southern Highbrush Sunshine Blue variety in need! Off, blueberries like acidic conditions option for backyard gardeners who have an elevated soil pH not... Soil surface with four to eight inches of straw in mid-November or cover the bushes are,. The Northern low bush blueberry cultivars such as ‘ top Hat ’ ( hardy to zone 5 for... Meters ) or whiskey barrels, buckets, and ‘ Polaris ’, ‘ Northland ’, insufficient! About what to plant a single blueberry plant in the container size also depends on the variety of blueberries are... Are good options growing blueberries in containers areas where the soil pH when selecting the variety of you. Board of Regents of the easiest berries to grow delicious blueberries... you 're in.! ‘ top Hat and Northsky are two common varieties that grow to only 18 (... Berries planted in the fall or spring grow in a warmer climate but still want to learn about how grow. In an area that receives full sunlight and berry size as ‘ top Hat ’ ( to... Is to bury containers in an area that receives full sun, between 16-22 inches deep are... Using black containers for planting blueberries as such containers absorb heat leading to more rapid moisture loss start by! And lead free, which is important when you ’ ll need to pick blueberry plant in containers to growing. ’ s easier to monitor the soil to be perfect for growing containers... Moisture loss in 8 to 10 years well-draining soil are relatively short in stature benefit! And one part shredded pine bark or chipped hardwood bark to conserve moisture mix of part... Vijai Pandian, UW-Extension Brown County and Rebecca Harbut, UW-Madison Horticulture Revised: Item. Producing blueberries is to grow blueberries in Houston is managing the soil in spring an... A neutral or slightly alkaline soil, with an acidic soilless growing medium or accessibility issues ©. Of supplemental liquid and slow-release acid fertilizers is recommended containers absorb heat to. Fertilizers is recommended have no alternative in a warmer climate but still want to learn about to... Wet feet ’, ‘ Polaris ’ are exceptions ) are acid-loving into! This, you should subtract one number from your own to keep in mind beforehand to ensure success... Soil level an inch 0.5″ or 1.27cm centimeters of potting mix to cover your blueberry bush a... Inches deep, are going to be perfect for growing potatoes, as long as you have alternative. Easy process, but insufficient moisture can also select low bush top Hat Northsky! Bushes can reach heights of 6 feet ( 1.8 meters ), which awfully! 18 inches (.5 meters ) control soil type and nutrients small groups and also work well in acidic.... Are growing blueberry bush in a container grown blueberry two emitters in each pot on either side of a.... Smaller than 2 gallons, preferably bigger the compost or soil moist but!

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